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AD Skema Update 32bit DC Schema Master

    Question

  •  

    Trying to setup a lab for student testing.

    Domain is setup with child subdomains to avoid administrative issues where one student group would be able to destroy ohter aspects of the class test environment from another.

    AD LDAP Layout

    acme.local

    group1.acme.local (seperate domain under higher level acme.local)

    group2.acme.local (seperate domain under higher level acme.local)

    ... etc.....

    *************************

    Issue is that for application reasons for some administrative tools I had to use, I had to load the Domain Controllers at the "acme.local" level with Windows 2008x86 Enterprise.  (aka 32bit).

    This means that the only "Skema Admins"  and "Enterprise Admins" group that exists is at the "acme.local" level.  Each subdomain (group1.acme.local) is hosted via a pair of Windows 2008R2x64 DCs such that each group can host their entire lab environment and be within the same name space (common file DFS root for data etc... for entire training environment) yet seperate from eachother.

    Issue: I can not run the Exchange wizard as "group1.acme.local\administrator"  even when I add that account as member of "amce.local\Skema Admins" group. Failure is that I need to run the Skema extentions from the DC at "acme.local" sysetm level.  Their is no Exchange 2010 32bit version, so I can't use the Exchange Binary to run the skema update.  I downloaded Exchange 2007 beta just to run the updates and it ran, seems to have done some updates, but Exchange 2010 at the "group1.acme.local" level still says their are skema issues.

    Question:  How can I extend the skema for the domain for Exchange 2010, when the skema master server is running Windows 2008 x86?

     


    ArrowSIVAC
    Monday, November 22, 2010 1:26 PM

All replies

  • Hi ArrowSIVAC,

      Please, do you read this posts on technet?

    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa996719.aspx

    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb125224.aspx

     You must run the command setup.com /ps from a Exchange 2010 setup in a server with Windows Server 2008 x64 in same AD Site that have the Schema Owner.

    Regards

    Monday, November 22, 2010 1:42 PM
  • Their is the issue.

     

    The only servers in the acme.local level are two Windows 2008 x86 servers.

     

    The servers are dedicated for maintaining a higher level Domain environment, isloation of labs from global AD needs etc... They are the only two servers in that level so I can avoid rebuilding that level of the forest in the event of lower level domains needing to be broken down and rebuilt.

     

    I can not run "setup.com /ps"  from the Exchange 2010 DVD as it says that this is not a binary that can not be run (because it's 64bit). Hense my attempt to use Exchnange 2007 beta installation, which comes as 32bit.


    ArrowSIVAC
    Monday, November 22, 2010 2:53 PM
  • You can add a temporary 64 bit operating system machine in the domain acme.local and use to prepare the schema.

     

    Rafael Okamoto
    _________________________________________________________________________

    Please remember to click “Mark as Answer” on the post that helps you.

     

    Monday, November 22, 2010 3:13 PM
  • There isn’t an issue. You run the prepare schema from the Exchange server. It will apply to the Schema Master over the network.
    Another issue you have is that you are racing ahead with application upgrades but leaving your core infrastructure behind. This is never a good way of going about things and stores up problems.
     
     
    "ArrowSIVAC" wrote in message news:904e48f4-0357-4f70-969b-927ca77b040b...

    Their is the issue.

     

    The only servers in the acme.local level are two Windows 2008 x86 servers.

     

    The servers are dedicated for maintaining a higher level Domain environment, isloation of labs from global AD needs etc... They are the only two servers in that level so I can avoid rebuilding that level of the forest in the event of lower level domains needing to be broken down and rebuilt.

     

    I can not run "setup.com /ps"  from the Exchange 2010 DVD as it says that this is not a binary that can not be run (because it's 64bit). Hense my attempt to use Exchnange 2007 beta installation, which comes as 32bit.


    ArrowSIVAC

    Mark Arnold, Exchange MVP.
    Monday, November 22, 2010 11:44 PM
  • Please clarify "...you are racing ahead with application upgrades but leaving your core infrastructure behind..."

    Below are the steps I have done to prepair the domain. I did create a Virtual Windows 2008R2x64 host and join to the acme.com level and run both the prepareschema and also the prepareAD  setup.  This has not fixed the error when then (even after 12 hours of time to replicate down to sub-domains within the forest).  Maybe I am missing an option where I can add switch options within the "setup.com" to specify the context for the schema updates???

    ****************

      

      Installation of Basic Single Instance Server

       

      Step 1:  Prepare Microsoft Active Directory

       

      Install Microsoft  "ldifde.exe" on the server to enable schema and LDAP functions.  Open up a command shell as "Administrator" and launch the feature installation.

      E:\>ServerManagerCmd -i RSAT-ADDS

       

      C:\Windows\system32>ServerManagerCmd -i RSAT-ADDS

       

      Servermanagercmd.exe is deprecated, and is not guaranteed to be supported in future releases of Windows. We recommend that you use the Windows PowerShell cmdlets that are available for Server Manager.

       

       

       

      Start Installation...

      Warning: [Installation] Succeeded: [Remote Server Administration Tools] AD DS Snap-Ins and Command-Line Tools. You must restart this server to finish the installation process.

       

      Warning: [Installation] Succeeded: [Remote Server Administration Tools] Server for NIS Tools. You must restart this server to finish the installation process.

       

      Warning: [Installation] Succeeded: [Remote Server Administration Tools] Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell. You must restart this server to finish the installation process.

       

      Warning: [Installation] Succeeded: [Remote Server Administration Tools] Active Directory Administrative Center. You must restart this server to finish the installation process.

       

      <100/100>

       

      Success: A restart is required to complete the installation.

      <Reboot>

       

      http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa995868(EXCHG.80).aspx

      From the server which is running as the root Skema master of the forest, login as a user which  is a member of AD's Skema Admins Group. The server MUST be within the same domain as the Skema Master and must be Windows 2008x64.

       

      The installation may fail on other subsequent components of the Exchange setup but the "Organizational Prerequisites" for AD will have been run at the schema level. You also must have .Net 3.5sp1 or greater installed.

       

      Mount the Exchange 2010 x64 DVD and open a command prompt. CD to root of DVD drive and launch "setup.com /prepareschema"

      E:\>setup /prepareschema

       

      Welcome to Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 Unattended Setup

       

      By continuing the installation process, you agree to the license terms of

      Microsoft Exchange Server 2010. If you don't accept these license terms,

      please cancel the installation. To review these license terms, please go to

      http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=150127&clcid=0x409/

       

      Press any key to cancel setup................

      No key presses were detected.  Setup will continue.

      Preparing Exchange Setup

       

          Copying Setup Files              ......................... COMPLETED

       

      No server roles will be installed

       

      Performing Microsoft Exchange Server Prerequisite Check

       

          Organization Checks              ......................... COMPLETED

       

      Configuring Microsoft Exchange Server

       

          Extending Active Directory schema

          Progress                         ......................... COMPLETED

       

      The Microsoft Exchange Server setup operation completed successfully.

       

      Now you have to prepare the Domain for 2010 version of Exchange

      E:\>setup.com /prepareAD /organizationName:Acme

       

      Welcome to Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 Unattended Setup

       

      By continuing the installation process, you agree to the license terms of

      Microsoft Exchange Server 2010. If you don't accept these license terms,

      please cancel the installation. To review these license terms, please go to

      http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=150127&clcid=0x409/

       

      Press any key to cancel setup................

      No key presses were detected.  Setup will continue.

      Preparing Exchange Setup

       

          Copying Setup Files              ......................... COMPLETED

       

      No server roles will be installed

       

      Performing Microsoft Exchange Server Prerequisite Check

       

          Organization Checks              ......................... COMPLETED

       Setup is going to prepare the organization for Exchange 2010 by using 'Setup /PrepareAD'. No Exchange 2007 server role

       have been detected in this topology. After this operation, you will not be able to install any Exchange 2007 server ro

      es.

       

      Configuring Microsoft Exchange Server

       

          Organization Preparation         ......................... COMPLETED

       

      The Microsoft Exchange Server setup operation completed successfully.

      Note: Their may be some wait for replication to complete to sub domains on the schema updates.  After this is done it may take a few hours for all sub-domains to update the changes.

       

       

       

      Step 2: Install Microsoft Office System Convertor Pack on the Exchange server in the sub-domain(s) onto which Exchange will be running.

       

      Download the Package from: http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=123380

       

      Run Installation. Click "Next"

       

      Accept License and click "Next"

       

       

      Step 3: Install Microsoft IIS on the system for OWA support

       

      Open Microsoft Systems Manger and choose "Roles" -> "Add Roles" -> "Web Server (IIS)

       

       

       

       

      Step 4:  Install Exchange 2010 on the server(s) in each domain

      Note: You must be logged in to the server as a domain administrator level account.

       

      Use Magic Disk and mount the DVD for Exchange 2010.

       

      Launch "setup.exe" from the DVD.

       

      Under Install. Click on Hyperlink to choose language Option and set to "Install only languages from the DVD"

       

      Under Install. Click on Hyperlink to "Install Microsoft Exchange"

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

      Input Organizational Details and click "Next"

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

       

      From group1.acme.com  domain controller

      E:\>setup.com /prepareAD /organizationName:Arrow

       

      Welcome to Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 Unattended Setup

       

      By continuing the installation process, you agree to the license terms of

      Microsoft Exchange Server 2010. If you don't accept these license terms,

      please cancel the installation. To review these license terms, please go to

      http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=150127&clcid=0x409/

       

      Press any key to cancel setup................

      No key presses were detected.  Setup will continue.

      Preparing Exchange Setup

       

          Copying Setup Files              ......................... COMPLETED

       

      No server roles will be installed

       

      Performing Microsoft Exchange Server Prerequisite Check

       

          Organization Checks              ......................... FAILED

       Setup is going to prepare the organization for Exchange 2010 by using 'Setup /P

      repareAD'. No Exchange 2007 server roles have been detected in this topology. Af

      ter this operation, you will not be able to install any Exchange 2007 server rol

      es.

           Setup needs to contact the Active Directory schema master but this computer

       is not in the same Active Directory domain as the schema master (DC=aessatl,DC=

      arrow,DC=com).

       

       

      The Exchange Server setup operation did not complete. Visit http://support.micro

      soft.com and enter the Error ID to find more information.

       

      Exchange Server setup encountered an error.

       

      E:\>

       

      <FuBAR> 

    ***************

     

     

    Any thoughts would be appreciated.


    ArrowSIVAC
    Wednesday, November 24, 2010 8:10 PM
  • Hi,

    You need to run Setup /PrepareAllDomains from the 64bit server in the forest root domain. This will fix the problem you are having.

    /Martin


    Exchange is a passion not just a collaboration software.
    • Proposed as answer by mracket Friday, November 26, 2010 7:03 AM
    Wednesday, November 24, 2010 8:40 PM
  • Hi ArrowSIVAC,

     

    Agree with Martin, Do you run prepare domains command from the 64 bit server in the forest root domain?

     

    If not, please run this command to have a try.

     

    You can know more about this command from the following document:

    Prepare Active Directory and Domains

    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb125224.aspx

     

    If the problem persists, please paste the exact error(which is in your Exchangesetup logs) in your next post. With the information, we can help more efficiently.

     

    Thanks,

     

    Evan

    Thursday, November 25, 2010 2:52 AM
  • The command "setup.com /prepareAllDomains" was the resolution to the AD Schema errors of the Exchange installation.

    Thanks for all the help on the posts.

    Now I have to figure out what is wrong with IIS with errors of "Unable to read data from the Metabase"

    Seems a bit obtuse for such a simple setup of an exchange server...  I will some RTFM to see what I can find.

    Thanks for the help.


    ArrowSIVAC
    Friday, November 26, 2010 5:18 AM
  • Hi ArrowSIVAC,

     

    Clarify:

     

    1.       Please check event log. If there is any error, please paste the error in your next post.

    2.       Make sure you have installed the prerequisites for Windows 2008 R2.

    3.       Since “unable to read data from the Metabase” is a general error. If the error has more description, please paste in your next post.

     

    Troubleshooting:

     

    For the errors “Unable to read data from the Metabase”. If you have not installed the prerequisites, please run it again to make sure you have installed  the needed components of IIS.

     

    Import-Module ServerManager

    Add-WindowsFeature NET-Framework,RSAT-ADDS,Web-Server,Web-Basic-Auth,Web-Windows-Auth,Web-Metabase,Web-Net-Ext,Web-Lgcy-Mgmt-Console,WAS-Process-Model,RSAT-Web-Server,Web-ISAPI-Ext,Web-Digest-Auth,Web-Dyn-Compression,NET-HTTP-Activation,RPC-Over-HTTP-Proxy -Restart

    Set-Service NetTcpPortSharing -StartupType Automatic

     

    (Note: this command is for a server that will have the typical installation of Client Access, Hub Transport, and the Mailbox role)

     

    You can know more about the Windows Server 2008 R2 operating system prerequisites follow this document:

    Exchange 2010 Prerequisites

    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb691354(EXCHG.140).aspx

     

    If the problem persists, please feel free to let me know.

     

    Best Regards,

     

    Evan


    Please remember to click “Mark as Answer” on the post that helps you, and to click “Unmark as Answer” if a marked post does not actually answer your question. This can be beneficial to other community members reading the thread.
    Monday, November 29, 2010 9:28 AM
  • Big thanks mracket for this tip! Solved the problem of installing Exchange 2010 in a fully-trusted but not root domain. Installed 2008 and ran Setup /PrepareAllDomains in the root domain. Exchange is now up, beginning to configure.
    Tuesday, January 04, 2011 2:52 AM