Windows native backp fails to create an System Image, or a Complete PC Backup.
This occurs in Windows 7, 64 bit Professional, Windows 7, 32bit Ultimate, Windows Vista Business, 32 bit. It occurs in 6 different computers I've tried. All the backup drives are 3TB. I have tried Seagte USB and Hitachi USB drives. 4 of them. The Windows 7 Ultimate, 32bit machine has SP1. All operating systems are using the current Service Packs, and all of the MS Updates including all of the recommended harware drivers. All of the systems are using the latest BIOS, firmware and OEM drivers as well.
It looks like the issue may be causes by a deficiency in Windows related to the Advanced Format drive spec. All of the computers that qualified had the AF hotfix applied; Advanced Format Drives 512e 4k, Vista and 2008 - KB2470478, Windows 7, and 2008 R2 KB982018
Error messages follow:
The Backup Failed.
Error message: One of the backup files could not be created. (0x8078002A)
The request could not be perfomed because of an I/O error. (0x8007045D)
This deficiency seems to apply across the board to different hardware manufacturers of external hard drives.
From what I have heard, Western Digital may have a format utility that addresses this issue, but only for WD drives.
First the drive you are restoring to must be the same size or larger then the image recorded.
The error I/O and other errors generally happen because the drive you are overwritting is not an exact match with existing partitions and or the existing data on the drive you want to image over has not been removed which can cause issues. In some cases you can have a drive with an existing OS on it and then boot from a Windows 7 or Windows Server DVD or USB drive and run the repair option and follow the procedure and it may work and then another times you try it on a different machine with a different set of partitions and it may not work. I run these procedure all the time and restore images many times.
To avoid problems when restoring an image you can follow these steps.
You should only follow these steps if you don't care about the data on the existing machine you want to restore the image to. ALSO the steps here will only work if you have made an IMAGE backup of your Windows 7 using Microsoft Backup. This procedure will clear the drive on the computer and then load an existing image you made using Windows 7 or Server Backup.
The procedure described boots Windows from a UBD thumb drive - you can substitute the USB drive and use the standard Windows 7 DVD from Microsoft. You would boot up using the Windows 7 DVD instead of the USB. I prefer the USB because its faster to load.
Make sure your IMAGE BACKUP restore drive is unplugged.
Boot from USB Drive or (Windows 7 DVD)
Select Setup New
Agree to Terms of Install
Select Custom (Advanced)
Select Advanced Drive Options
Delete all Existing Partitions
Disk 0 should show Total Size = to the Free Space when all partitions are deleted.
The maximum Drive Size should be displayed.
You should now see the message from Windows telling you it may create an additional partition (Select OK)
Select Continue to make sure Windows can start Writing files without any errors. You must PASS this test first before going further. The DVD should begin writing files at this point.
If the Windows DVD can write files and you see it start to begin writing files that means the disk in your computer is working properly and there are no other issues you need to resolve.
Select Cancel to Cancel the operation ( its not required to finish ).
Power Off the Computer (Power OFF - NOT REBOOT).
Power On the Computer and Boot from the USB drive or(Windows DVD).
When the Windows installer comes back online select NEXT.
Now attach the External BACKUP Drive that contains your BACKUP image.
Select REPAIR your computer.
Windows will now search your external drive for the image.
The option selected by default is (Restore your computer using a system image that you created)
Select a System Image (Select Next)
Highlight the image you want to restore. (Select Next)
Highlight the image file (Select Next)
Select Next Again
Select Finish – You will get the message telling you it will format and erase all data select OK.
This should run without getting errors.
- Proposed as answer by ForbesCorporation Tuesday, August 02, 2011 3:27 AM
I am having the same issue as well with my 3TB Seagate (Seagate has stated to get with TS of Microsoft) and I have no issues doing the same backup on my 500G WD HD. I know this has to do with the fact that my Seagate HD is using Advance Formatted Disk and by following the steps described in KB: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/982018 the issue still continues. This is very frustrating and now I have a useless 3TB drive that is unable to do backups b/c of the OS. I hate to spend more on 3rd party software when the OS is suppose to provide the same functionality.
I've tried everything the KB has stated and also steps from moderates on other posts on this issue.(I have yet to find a post on here having a resolution for anyone)
1. Ensured Im running SP1
2. Ran check disk for error on both drives. (even though my hp pavilion is 4 days out of the box and the HD is also new)
3. install update according to KB 982018
After the hotfix was installed I'm still getting the same output
C:\Windows\system32>Fsutil fsinfo ntfsinfo F:
NTFS Volume Serial Number : 0x7420b59d20b566b0
Version : 3.1
Number Sectors : 0x000000002baa0a1f
Total Clusters : 0x000000002baa0a1f
Free Clusters : 0x000000002b78d793
Total Reserved : 0x00000000000df800
Bytes Per Sector : 4096
Bytes Per Physical Sector : <Not Supported> <-------
Bytes Per Cluster : 4096
Bytes Per FileRecord Segment : 4096
Clusters Per FileRecord Segment : 1
Mft Valid Data Length : 0x0000000000d00000
Mft Start Lcn : 0x00000000000c0000
Mft2 Start Lcn : 0x0000000015d5050f
Mft Zone Start : 0x00000000000c0100
Mft Zone End : 0x00000000000cc900
RM Identifier: 230A744D-C625-11E0-9ECD-101F740C3A98
Any assistance is appreciated
Did you have found any error message？
Check if all the files have been created on the hard drive.
Check the Volume shadow copy service in services window. To check follow these steps:
i. Click Start and type services.msc in the search box
ii. Search for the Volume shadow copy service
Make sure the start- up type is automatic. Steps to set the services to automatic
i. Search for the service
ii. Right click on the service
iii. If the service is stopped then Start the service
iv. Select Properties
v. And in the Start-up type select Automatic
This is the most definitive answer I can find so am taking this as the answer.
- Proposed as answer by Jeff RenModerator Monday, August 15, 2011 6:20 AM
I want to report exactly the same error with the Seagate 3TB (Freeagent Goflex Desk) on Win 7 64 (fully patched as of today). Never had problems with 1 & 2TB drives.
I need to (system) image a volume that is slightly under 2 TB - and by that I mean a real (binary) 2TB, not the <1.8TB (decimal) equivalent that the disk manufacturers use. Does anyone know of a sufficiently large USB external drive that actually works with windows backup? I suspect I might be returning this Seagate drive on Monday...
Edit: I just tried deleting the 3TB volume and making a new 2TB 'simple' volume (just large enough for my needs) but I'm still having same error.
- Edited by Paul_42 Friday, September 02, 2011 3:12 PM
I commented earlier, but I finally solved my own issue.
Windows backup will not work with the Seagate >2tb partition and formatting the drive ships with - this issue is reported on multiple forums. I believe it is because Seagate does something tricky with the MBR partition tables (which are normally limited to 2GB total).
The solution is to switch to the new GPT (GUID Partition Table) format. The down side it that this ONLY works with recent 64 bit operating systems (Server 2008, Vista SP1 or Windows 7). If you have a 32 bit operating system, or an older 64 bit one (e.g. Vista without the service pack, or server 2003), you will NOT be able to use GPT.
Also, GPT can only be used as a boot disk if your BIOS supports it, although this does not affect data/backup disks.
To make the switch:
1. Download Seagate's DiskWizard software, and use it to delete any existing partitions and re partition the disk into a single GPT partition (I found DiskWizard will throw errors if a bitlocker drive is present but hasn't been unlocked, but these errors are benign). You must use DiskWizard, because the build in Windows partitioning tool won't let you exceed 2GB, but you only need DiskWizard to make the partition.
2. Go to Control Panel -> Administrative Tools -> Computer Management -> Disk Management and format the partition as usual with NTFS. I did a (2 day) slow format because I had been messing around with my disk a lot trying to get it to work, but I assume a quick format would have worked as well.
3. Assign the disk a drive letter (for some reason the drive letter I assigned when I started the format didn't 'stick', so I had to do it manually at the end).
Now windows backup is working perfectly on the 3GB (actually 2.7GB) partition. Of course, the disk can now only be used on supported 64bit OS's, but that's fine for a backup disk.
Check the link below for the update on compatibility with AF 4K native sectors. AF native 4k sectors will be supported in windows 8 and Windows Server 2012, I'm afraid with windows 7 you are out of luck unless your drive supports native 512 or 512 emulation sectors.
From command promt, (run as administrator) use the command:
fsutil fsinfo ntfsinfo x: (where x is the drive letter for the drive you want to check)
It will show the sector size in you 3TB drive or any other drive.