The SharePoint Server 2013 three-tier test lab consists of five separate computers on the Corpnet subnet:
All computers are members of the corp.contoso.com Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) domain.
The following figure shows the SharePoint Server 2013 three-tier test lab.
This figure shows the computers and their connections using a hub or switch. You can implement this configuration using physical computers and a switch, virtual computers and a switch, or a combination of physical and virtual components.
If you are using Windows Server 2012 and the Hyper-V server role for your virtualization solution, you can configure the SharePoint three-tier farm test lab in Hyper-V on a single server as shown in the following figure (click on it for a larger version):
The key elements of this configuration are the following:
See the following for a short overview of the configuration process.
For additional information about configuring test labs with Windows Server 2012 Hyper-V, see
Hosting Test Lab Guide environments in Windows Server