What is a SharePoint site template?

SharePoint site templates are pre-built definitions designed around a particular business need. You can use these templates as they are to create your own SharePoint site and then customize the site as much as you like. SharePoint 2010 comes bundled with a lot of default site templates, like Team Site, Blog site, and Group Work Site as shown here.

In addition to the default templates, you can create your own site template based on a site you’ve created and customized in SharePoint. When you save your site as a template, you create a Web Solution Package, or WSP. A WSP is a CAB file with the solution manifest. The solution you create gets stored in the Solution Gallery for the SharePoint site collection. From there, you can download a copy of the solution or activate it on the server. When you save your SharePoint site as a template, you’re saving the overall framework of the site – its lists and libraries, views and forms, and workflows. In addition to these components, you can include the contents of the site in the template, for example, the documents stored in the document libraries. This could be useful to provide sample content for users to get started with. Keep in mind that this could also increase the size of your template beyond the default 50 MB site template limit.

Out-of-the-box (OOB) Site Templates in SharePoint Server 2010

You can retrieve the list of site templates using the following PowerShell methods:

Option 1.

Add-PSSnapin Microsoft.SharePoint.PowerShell -ea silentlycontinue | Out-Null
Get-SPWebTemplate | ft ID, name, Title, Description -autosize -wrap

Option 2.

Add-PSSnapin Microsoft.SharePoint.PowerShell -ea silentlycontinue | Out-Null
$globalAdmin = New-Object -TypeName "Microsoft.SharePoint.Administration.SPGlobalAdmin";
$globalAdmin.VirtualServers[0].GetWebTemplates("1033") | ft Id, Name, Title, Description -AutoSize -Wrap; 


Here's a list of the site templates available in SharePoint Server 2010 by default:

ID Name Title Description
0 GLOBAL#0 Global template This template is used for initializing a new site.
1 STS#0 Team Site A site for teams to quickly organize, author,
and share information.
It provides a document library, and lists for
managing announcements, calendar items,
tasks, and discussions.
1 STS#1 Blank Site A blank site for you to customize based on
your requirements. 
1 STS#2 Document Workspace A site for colleagues to work together on a
document. It provides a document library for
storing the primary document and supporting
files, a tasks list for assigning to-do items, and
a links list for resources related to the document.  
2 MPS#0 Basic Meeting Workspace A site to plan, organize, and capture the results
of a meeting.
It provides lists for managing the agenda,
meeting attendees, and documents.
2 MPS#1 Blank Meeting Workspace A blank meeting site for you to customize
based on your requirements.        
2 MPS#2 Decision Meeting Workspace A site for meetings that track status or make
decisions.
It provides lists for creating tasks, storing
documents, and recording decisions.
2 MPS#3 Social Meeting Workspace A site to plan social occasions. It provides lists
for tracking attendees, providing directions,
and storing pictures of the event.
2 MPS#4 Multipage Meeting Workspace A site to plan, organize, and capture the results
of a meeting. It provides lists for managing the
agenda and meeting attendees in addition to
two blank pages for you to customize based on
your requirements.
3 CENTRALADMIN#0 Central Admin Site A site for central administration. It provides
Web pages and links for application and
operations management. 
4 WIKI#0 Wiki Site A site for a community to brainstorm and share
ideas. It provides Web pages that can be quickly
edited to record information and then linked
together through keywords.
9 BLOG#0 Blog A site for a person or team to post ideas,
observations, and expertise that site visitors
can comment on.
15 SGS#0 Group Work Site This template provides a groupware solution
that enables teams to create, organize, and
share information quickly and easily. It includes
Group Calendar, Circulation, Phone-Call Memo,
the Document Library and the other basic lists.
16 TENANTADMIN#0 Tenant Admin Site A site for tenant administration. It provides
Web pages and links for self-service administration.
2764 ACCSRV#0 Access Services Site Microsoft Access Server
2764 ACCSRV#1 Assets Web Database Create an assets database to keep track of assets,
including asset details and owners.      
2764 ACCSRV#3 Charitable Contributions
Web Database
Create a database to track information about
fundraising campaigns including donations
made by contributors, campaign related events,
and pending tasks.
2764 ACCSRV#4 Contacts Web Database Create a contacts database to manage information
about people that your team works with, such as
customers and partners
2764 ACCSRV#6 Issues Web Database Create an issues database to manage a set of
issues or problems. You can assign, prioritize, and
follow the progress of issues from start to finish.
7 BDR#0 Document Center A site to centrally manage documents in your
enterprise.
14483 OFFILE#0 (obsolete) Records Center (obsolete) This template creates a site designed
for records management. Records managers can
configure the routing table to direct incoming files
to specific locations. The site also lets you manage
whether records can be deleted or modified after
they are added to the repository.
14483 OFFILE#1 Records Center This template creates a site designed for records
management. Records managers can configure
the routing table to direct incoming files to
specific locations. The site also lets you manage
whether records can be deleted or modified after
they are added to the repository. 
40 OSRV#0 Shared Services
Administration Site
This template creates a site for administering
shared services
3100 PPSMASite#0 PerformancePoint A site for presenting PerformancePoint
dashboards and scorecards. The site also includes
links to PerformancePoint Dashboard Designer
and storage for dashboard content such as analytic
charts, reports, KPIs, and strategy maps.
3200 BICenterSite#0 Business Intelligence Center A site for presenting Business Intelligence Center.
20 SPS#0 SharePoint Portal Server Site This template is obsolete.
21 SPSPERS#0 SharePoint Portal Server
Personal Space
This web template defines a Personal Space for
an individual participating on a SharePoint Portal. 
22 SPSMSITE#0 Personalization Site A site for delivering personalized views, data,
and navigation from this site collection into
My Site. It includes personalization specific
Web Parts and navigation that is optimized
for My Site.
30 SPSTOC#0 Contents area Template This template is obsolete. 
31 SPSTOPIC#0 Topic area template This template is obsolete. 
32 SPSNEWS#0 News Site This template is obsolete. 
39 CMSPUBLISHING#0 Publishing Site A blank site for expanding your Web site and
quickly publishing Web pages. Contributors
can work on draft versions of pages and publish
them to make them visible to readers.
The site includes  document and image libraries
for storing Web publishing assets.
53 BLANKINTERNET#0 Publishing Site This template creates a site for publishing
Web pages on a schedule, with workflow
features enabled. By default, only
Publishing sub-sites can be created under
this site. A Document and Picture Library are
included for storing Web publishing assets.
53 BLANKINTERNET#1 Press Releases Site This template creates the Press Releases
sub site for an Internet-facing corporate
presence web site.
53 BLANKINTERNET#2 Publishing Site with Workflow A site for publishing Web pages on a schedule
by using approval workflows. It includes document
and image libraries for storing Web publishing assets.
By default, only sites with this template can be
created under this site.
33 SPSNHOME#0 News Site A site for publishing news articles and links to
news articles. It includes a sample news page
and an archive for storing older news items. 
34 SPSSITES#0 Site Directory A site for listing and categorizing important sites
in your organization.
It includes different views for categorized sites,
top sites, and a site map.
36 SPSCOMMU#0 Community area template This template is obsolete.
38 SPSREPORTCENTER#0 Report Center A site for creating, managing, and delivering
Web pages, dashboards, and key performance
indicators that communicate metrics, goals,
and business intelligence
47 SPSPORTAL#0 Collaboration Portal A starter site hierarchy for an intranet divisional
portal. It includes a home page, a News site,
a Site Directory, a Document Center, and a
Search Center with Tabs. Typically, this site
has nearly as many contributors
as  readers and is used to host team sites.
50 SRCHCEN#0 Enterprise Search Center A site for delivering the search experience.
The welcome page includes a search box with
two tabs: one for general searches, and another
for searches for information about people.
You can add and customize tabs to focus on
other search scopes or result types.
51 PROFILES#0 Profiles This template creates a profile site that
includes page layout with zones
52 BLANKINTERNETCONTAINER#0 Publishing Portal A starter site hierarchy for an Internet-facing
site or a large intranet portal. This site can be
customized easily with distinctive branding.
It includes a home page, a sample press
releases subsite, a Search Center, and a login
page. Typically, this site has many more readers
than contributors, and it is used to publish
Web pages with approval workflows.
54 SPSMSITEHOST#0 My Site Host A site used for hosting personal sites (My Sites)
and the public People Profile page.
This template needs to be provisioned only
once per User Profile Service Application,
please consult the documentation for details.
56 ENTERWIKI#0 Enterprise Wiki A site for publishing knowledge that you
capture and want to share across the enterprise.
It provides an easy content editing experience
in a single location for co-authoring content,
discussions, and project management.
90 SRCHCENTERLITE#0 Basic Search Center A site for delivering the search experience.
The site includes pages for search results
and advanced searches.
90 SRCHCENTERLITE#1 Basic Search Center The Search Center template creates pages
dedicated to search. The main welcome
page features a simple search box in the
center of the page. The template includes
a search results and an advanced search page.
This Search Center will not appear in navigation.
2000 SRCHCENTERFAST#0 FAST Search Center A site for delivering the FAST search experience.
The welcome page includes a search box with
two tabs: one for general searches, and
another for searches for information about people.
You can add and customize tabs to focus on
other search scopes or result types. 
61 visprus#0 Visio Process Repository A site for teams to quickly view, share, and
store Visio process diagrams.
It provides a versioned document library for
storing process diagrams, and lists for managing
announcements, tasks, and review discussions.


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