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Why we use WINS Server? RRS feed

  • Question

  • Hi,

    As I am aware, WINS server is used for translating from NetBIOS name to IP Address of host.

    Now I have one server 2008 and I need not run the WINS feature on my server but why on my client computer, I can ping ping the other computer by using hostname?

    Monday, February 21, 2011 7:22 AM

Answers

  • if you have nebios over tcpip enabled on your client from the tcp/ip properties you will be able to ping host names as i have already mentioned above.

     Active directory completely depends upon the dns infrastuture and DNS is an open standard which can be used on any platform for the name resolution where as Windows Internet Naming Service created by Microsoft .

    Apart from this the Windows Domain Clients uses the DNS to locate the Domain controllers Global catalogues using Srv Record which cannot be done by WINS.

    As an Example Exchange Server is completely meged with the active directory and dns without implementing dns you cannot implement exchange server as exchange server clients uses Global Calalogue Server to get the Global Address List from Active Directory. There are lot more things to be explained its just a start :) to make you understanding the the basics

    Hope you Understand


    http://www.virmansec.com/blogs/skhairuddin
    • Marked as answer by Sovannmony Monday, February 21, 2011 8:35 AM
    Monday, February 21, 2011 8:10 AM
  • yes you are right because when WINS server address is pointed on the clients they will directly reach the WINS server for the name resolutions instead sending a broadcast on the network.
    http://www.virmansec.com/blogs/skhairuddin
    • Marked as answer by Sovannmony Monday, February 21, 2011 9:21 AM
    Monday, February 21, 2011 8:53 AM

All replies

  • With the introduction of Windows Server, DNS name resolution is used over NetBIOS name resolution. The DNS Client service handles name resolution. It first submits all name resolution tasks to DNS. If DNS name resolution cannot occur, the DNS Client service submits the name to NetBIOS.

    The common methods used to resolve host names are listed below:
    • NetBIOS name resolution:
    • HOSTS file:
    • DNS server:

    Host Name Resolution
    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb727005.aspx

     

    well explained by Brent Hu


    http://www.virmansec.com/blogs/skhairuddin
    Monday, February 21, 2011 7:40 AM
  • Thanks

    Now suppose that we don't have DNS and WINS server and our network is workgroup.

    I wonder why it can ping each other by using hostname? And if like that why we use WINS and DNS?

    What advance aspect that we use WINS and DNS for translation NetBIOS Name?

    Monday, February 21, 2011 7:54 AM
  • if you have nebios over tcpip enabled on your client from the tcp/ip properties you will be able to ping host names as i have already mentioned above.

     Active directory completely depends upon the dns infrastuture and DNS is an open standard which can be used on any platform for the name resolution where as Windows Internet Naming Service created by Microsoft .

    Apart from this the Windows Domain Clients uses the DNS to locate the Domain controllers Global catalogues using Srv Record which cannot be done by WINS.

    As an Example Exchange Server is completely meged with the active directory and dns without implementing dns you cannot implement exchange server as exchange server clients uses Global Calalogue Server to get the Global Address List from Active Directory. There are lot more things to be explained its just a start :) to make you understanding the the basics

    Hope you Understand


    http://www.virmansec.com/blogs/skhairuddin
    • Marked as answer by Sovannmony Monday, February 21, 2011 8:35 AM
    Monday, February 21, 2011 8:10 AM
  • Hi,

    Computer also know the other computer name without WINS or DNS by doing brocasting.

    If our network contain many computers it will waste the nework bandwith so we have to configure WINS server.

    Is it true?

    Monday, February 21, 2011 8:40 AM
  • yes you are right because when WINS server address is pointed on the clients they will directly reach the WINS server for the name resolutions instead sending a broadcast on the network.
    http://www.virmansec.com/blogs/skhairuddin
    • Marked as answer by Sovannmony Monday, February 21, 2011 9:21 AM
    Monday, February 21, 2011 8:53 AM
  • Guys ! ,Stop !! 

    since Windows 2000 Server with the introduction of AD ,DNS integrated Zone in AD Server 2003 , WINS is discard , GCS , SRV, LDAP, DNS has conditional forwarders and forwarded system for name resolution , forget about WINS , unless you have still in your infrastructure NETBIOS application Systems as Windows NT 4.0,domain controllers or  servers ,email server that need NETBIOS as servers before Exchange 2003.

    you would create conflict and more traffic implementing 2 servers for resolution ! , I used to work with those 2 enable in a Company and the Network had alot of internal traffic bandwidth consuming 

    Tuesday, April 30, 2013 7:17 PM