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COMO UTILIZRA EL COMANDO ROUTE ADD RRS feed

  • Pregunta

  •  

    Hola me indican que para poder utilizar 2 wan en un server deje una sin gatway y otra con gatway para todas las maquinas ahora bien, la segunda wan es para que salga por alli un aplicativo, exlusivamente esntonces me indican que debeo usar el comando route add, pero no se como se usa o en donde se usa.

     

    saludos gracias,

     

     

    martes, 18 de noviembre de 2008 15:23

Respuestas

  • Seria mas facil ayudarle si diera mas informacion sobre el direccionamiento local y de las redes que quiere alcanzar,

     

    En todo caso si por ejemplo en el adaptador 1 tiene la IP local 192.168.1.1/24, el gateway 192.168.1.254/24 y por ese gateway pretende alcanzar la red 192.168.100.0/24 deberia desde el command prompt utilizar el comando route add de la siguiente manera:

     

    route -p add 192.168.100.0 mask 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.254 METRIC 1

     

    La sintaxis del comando y la ayuda general del comando la obtiene digitando route sin parametros

     

     

    C:\>route

    Manipulates network routing tables.

    ROUTE [-f] [-p] [-4|-6] command [destination]
                      [MASK netmask]  [gateway] [METRIC metric]  [IF interface]

      -f           Clears the routing tables of all gateway entries.  If this is
                   used in conjunction with one of the commands, the tables are
                   cleared prior to running the command.

      -p           When used with the ADD command, makes a route persistent across
                   boots of the system. By default, routes are not preserved
                   when the system is restarted. Ignored for all other commands,
                   which always affect the appropriate persistent routes. This
                   option is not supported in Windows 95.

      -4           Force using IPv4.

      -6           Force using IPv6.

      command      One of these:
                     PRINT     Prints  a route
                     ADD       Adds    a route
                     DELETE    Deletes a route
                     CHANGE    Modifies an existing route
      destination  Specifies the host.
      MASK         Specifies that the next parameter is the 'netmask' value.
      netmask      Specifies a subnet mask value for this route entry.
                   If not specified, it defaults to 255.255.255.255.
      gateway      Specifies gateway.
      interface    the interface number for the specified route.
      METRIC       specifies the metric, ie. cost for the destination.

    All symbolic names used for destination are looked up in the network database
    file NETWORKS. The symbolic names for gateway are looked up in the host name
    database file HOSTS.

    If the command is PRINT or DELETE. Destination or gateway can be a wildcard,
    (wildcard is specified as a star '*'), or the gateway argument may be omitted.

    If Dest contains a * or ?, it is treated as a shell pattern, and only
    matching destination routes are printed. The '*' matches any string,
    and '?' matches any one char. Examples: 157.*.1, 157.*, 127.*, *224*.

    Pattern match is only allowed in PRINT command.
    Diagnostic Notes:
        Invalid MASK generates an error, that is when (DEST & MASK) != DEST.
        Example> route ADD 157.0.0.0 MASK 155.0.0.0 157.55.80.1 IF 1
                 The route addition failed: The specified mask parameter is invalid.
     (Destination & Mask) != Destination.

    Examples:

        > route PRINT
        > route PRINT -4
        > route PRINT -6
        > route PRINT 157*          .... Only prints those matching 157*

        > route ADD 157.0.0.0 MASK 255.0.0.0  157.55.80.1 METRIC 3 IF 2
                 destination^      ^mask      ^gateway     metric^    ^
                                                             Interface^
          If IF is not given, it tries to find the best interface for a given
          gateway.
        > route ADD 3ffe::/32 3ffe::1

        > route CHANGE 157.0.0.0 MASK 255.0.0.0 157.55.80.5 METRIC 2 IF 2

          CHANGE is used to modify gateway and/or metric only.

        > route DELETE 157.0.0.0
        > route DELETE 3ffe::/32

    martes, 18 de noviembre de 2008 23:46

Todas las respuestas

  • Seria mas facil ayudarle si diera mas informacion sobre el direccionamiento local y de las redes que quiere alcanzar,

     

    En todo caso si por ejemplo en el adaptador 1 tiene la IP local 192.168.1.1/24, el gateway 192.168.1.254/24 y por ese gateway pretende alcanzar la red 192.168.100.0/24 deberia desde el command prompt utilizar el comando route add de la siguiente manera:

     

    route -p add 192.168.100.0 mask 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.254 METRIC 1

     

    La sintaxis del comando y la ayuda general del comando la obtiene digitando route sin parametros

     

     

    C:\>route

    Manipulates network routing tables.

    ROUTE [-f] [-p] [-4|-6] command [destination]
                      [MASK netmask]  [gateway] [METRIC metric]  [IF interface]

      -f           Clears the routing tables of all gateway entries.  If this is
                   used in conjunction with one of the commands, the tables are
                   cleared prior to running the command.

      -p           When used with the ADD command, makes a route persistent across
                   boots of the system. By default, routes are not preserved
                   when the system is restarted. Ignored for all other commands,
                   which always affect the appropriate persistent routes. This
                   option is not supported in Windows 95.

      -4           Force using IPv4.

      -6           Force using IPv6.

      command      One of these:
                     PRINT     Prints  a route
                     ADD       Adds    a route
                     DELETE    Deletes a route
                     CHANGE    Modifies an existing route
      destination  Specifies the host.
      MASK         Specifies that the next parameter is the 'netmask' value.
      netmask      Specifies a subnet mask value for this route entry.
                   If not specified, it defaults to 255.255.255.255.
      gateway      Specifies gateway.
      interface    the interface number for the specified route.
      METRIC       specifies the metric, ie. cost for the destination.

    All symbolic names used for destination are looked up in the network database
    file NETWORKS. The symbolic names for gateway are looked up in the host name
    database file HOSTS.

    If the command is PRINT or DELETE. Destination or gateway can be a wildcard,
    (wildcard is specified as a star '*'), or the gateway argument may be omitted.

    If Dest contains a * or ?, it is treated as a shell pattern, and only
    matching destination routes are printed. The '*' matches any string,
    and '?' matches any one char. Examples: 157.*.1, 157.*, 127.*, *224*.

    Pattern match is only allowed in PRINT command.
    Diagnostic Notes:
        Invalid MASK generates an error, that is when (DEST & MASK) != DEST.
        Example> route ADD 157.0.0.0 MASK 155.0.0.0 157.55.80.1 IF 1
                 The route addition failed: The specified mask parameter is invalid.
     (Destination & Mask) != Destination.

    Examples:

        > route PRINT
        > route PRINT -4
        > route PRINT -6
        > route PRINT 157*          .... Only prints those matching 157*

        > route ADD 157.0.0.0 MASK 255.0.0.0  157.55.80.1 METRIC 3 IF 2
                 destination^      ^mask      ^gateway     metric^    ^
                                                             Interface^
          If IF is not given, it tries to find the best interface for a given
          gateway.
        > route ADD 3ffe::/32 3ffe::1

        > route CHANGE 157.0.0.0 MASK 255.0.0.0 157.55.80.5 METRIC 2 IF 2

          CHANGE is used to modify gateway and/or metric only.

        > route DELETE 157.0.0.0
        > route DELETE 3ffe::/32

    martes, 18 de noviembre de 2008 23:46
  • Mira que trate con tu solucion en W8 para usar mi interfaz wifi para todo y la ethernet para conexion a escritorio remoto pero me aparece lo siguiente:

    C:\Users\julian.rodriguez>route -p add 190.144.176.0 mask 255.255.0.0 192.168.1.10 METRIC 1

    The requested operation requires elevation.



    Julian Rodriguez Desarrolador Junior .NET

    martes, 4 de septiembre de 2012 19:26
  • Primero aclarar que hay algo "raro" en la ruta que tratas de poner. Si es "190.144.176.0" entonces la máscara debería ser "255.255.255.0"

    Y por el mensaje de error, es porque aunque seas administrador, debes ejecutar el comando desde una consola CMD con "Run as administrator"

    Y algo más que no queda claro. Con ese comando no separas escritorio remoto del resto. Esa línea le dice simplemente que para llegar a la red 190.144.0.0 debe enviarlo al Router con dirección 192.168.1.10


    Guillermo Delprato - Buenos Aires, Argentina
    Visite Notas Windows Server
    MVP - MCT - MCSE - MCSA
    MCSA Windows Server 2008 MCITP: Enterprise Administrator / Server Administrator
    MCTS: Active Directory / Network Configuration / Applications Configuration / Server Virtualization / Windows 7 Configuration / Windows 7 & Office 2010 Deployment / Vista Configuration
    Este mensaje se proporciona "como está" sin garantías de ninguna clase. Usted asume todos los riesgos.


    martes, 4 de septiembre de 2012 22:41
    Moderador
  • Hola debes de corre el CMD como administrador.
    martes, 18 de diciembre de 2012 18:38
  • Debes ejecutar el command pront como Administrador para que no te salga "The requested operation requires elevation."
    martes, 9 de octubre de 2018 15:00