HashMatch is consuming 40% of the query execution time. Query Optimization


  • Hi I am working on a query optimization part where in I have found that most of the query execution time has been consumed by the process mentioned above. Can someone please suggest me some ideas how to rectify this.

    Indexes of the tables I am mainly using is mentioned below.

    declare @ResultTable table        
      TapTicketNo varchar(100),        
      CrucibleNo int,        
      Destination varchar(100),        
      Shift nvarchar(10),        
      CastId varchar(100),  
      FullWeight float,        
      PreSkimWeight float,        
      SkimmedWeight float,        
      NetWeight float,        
      EstimatedWeight float,        
      Recipe Varchar(100),        
      Date Datetime,  
      FullWeightDate Datetime,        
      EmptyWeightDate Datetime,        
      TotalWeight float,        
      MixingSpeed int,        
      BayNo int,        
      EstimatedNa float,        
      ActualNa Float,        
      AIF3Qty float,        
      FirstSkimTemperature float,        
      SecondSkimTemperature float,        

    -- insert the values into the result temp table.        
    Insert into @ResultTable         
      TapTicketNo ,        
      CrucibleNo ,        
      Destination ,        
      Shift ,        
      CastId ,  
      FullWeight ,        
      PreSkimWeight ,        
      SkimmedWeight ,        
      EstimatedWeight ,        
      Recipe ,        
      Date ,  
      FullWeightDate ,        
      EmptyWeightDate ,        
      TotalWeight ,        
      MixingSpeed ,        
      BayNo ,        
      EstimatedNa ,        
      ActualNa ,          
      AIF3Qty ,        


    <All Filelds required>

       FROM  HotMetal.TapTicket TT  
     JOIN  HotMetal.TapTicketWeight TTW  ON TT.TapTicketID = TTW.TapTicketID          
      LEFT JOIN Potline.Crucible PO on  TT.CrucibleID = PO.CrucibleID AND PO.IsActive = 1 --This is a very small table       

    • Edited by pepcoder Wednesday, January 30, 2013 11:56 AM
    Wednesday, January 30, 2013 11:26 AM

All replies

  • Both TapTicket and TapTicketWeight have a primary key declared as (TapTicketID, Sequence). However, in your query, you only join on TapTicketID. Are you sure this is what you want?

    For your current query, the optimizer has to chose a Hash match, because the join key has duplicates in both tables.


    Wednesday, January 30, 2013 11:36 AM
  • Hello Gert-Jan,

    Apologize for the mistake. I had uploaded the indexes of TapticketWeight in both images. I have corrected it in my first post. please have a look.

    Thanks again for your quick reply!!



    Please find latest execution plan as well.
    • Edited by pepcoder Wednesday, January 30, 2013 12:31 PM
    Wednesday, January 30, 2013 11:57 AM
  • Your query plan shows no Outer Joins. So I guess it doesn't really match your query. In this case, Inner or Outer joining Crucible can make a big difference.

    If the query you ran had all Inner Joins, then the optimizer's approach isn't that strange, although another approach could be good as well. It all depends on the statistics.

    The alternative approach would be to scan TapTicket, merge join with TapticketWeight and then hash join with Crucible. You could test this approach by writing the query with joins in exactly the order as listed above, and including the hint OPTION (FORCE ORDER) at the end of the query. You can time both approaches and see which one runs fastest.

    If you are not looking for the best performance, but were just wondering about the Hash Match, then I would say: don't worry, because there is no real problem with the optimizer's approach.


    Wednesday, January 30, 2013 6:02 PM
  • Using a table variable for more than about 100 rows is extremely slow.  I would highly suggest using a temp table instead.

    Wednesday, January 30, 2013 8:52 PM
  • >Using a table variable for more than about 100 rows is extremely slow

    In one test the threshold was at 12,000. The best answer is: "it depends".

    Kalman Toth Database & OLAP Architect
    Paperback / Kindle:  Beginner Database Design & SQL Programming Using Microsoft SQL Server 2016

    Friday, February 08, 2013 7:39 AM