FIM ScriptBox Item

Summary

Changes the value of the given attribute for all the objects of the given type.
The script currently works only for single-valued attributes.
Cannot be used for datetime attributes (limitation of FIMAutomation snapin).

Warning

This script is suitable to be run only against a limited number of objects.
Since queries with the FIMAutomation snapin always return all the attributes of the results, with a high number of objects most likely the query made by the script to get the objects to update would never complete.

In case you want to update many objects, you should definitely check Brad Turner’s ROPU-based approach on this forum thread: Bulk modify users in FIM portal.

Script Code

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<#
.SYNOPSIS
Bulk update the value of an attribute for a certain type.
.PARAMETER fimtype
The type of the resource to update (Person, Group, etc).
.PARAMETER attributeName
The name of the attribute to modify.
.PARAMETER attributeValue
The value of the attribute. If not specified, unsets the attribute.
.PARAMETER uri
Address of FIM service. Default is http://localhost:5725
.PARAMETER ask
If specified, asks for confirmation before each modification.
.DESCRIPTION
Changes the value of the given attribute for all the objects of the
given type.
Can be used only for single-valued attributes.
Cannot be used for datetime attributes (limitation of FIMAutomation snapin).
.NOTES
Version 1.0.0.0 - 25/01/2011
- Migrated to FIM Scriptbox
.EXAMPLE
.\bulk-update Person Department HR
Set the value of the "Department" attribute to "HR" for all users
.EXAMPLE
.\bulk-update Person Department -ask
Unset the value of the "Department" attribute to "HR" for all users and ask
for confirmation before each operation
#>

[CmdletBinding()]
param(
    [Parameter(Mandatory=$true, HelpMessage="Specify the name of the class to update.")]
    [string] $fimtype,
    [Parameter(Mandatory=$true, HelpMessage="Specify the name of the attribute to update.")]
    [string] $attributeName,
    $attributeValue,
    [string] $uri = "http://localhost:5725",
    [switch] $ask)

# load FIM snapin, ignore errors if already loaded
Add-PSSnapin FIMAutomation -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue

# gets the value of a single-valued attribute from an exported object
function GetAttributeValue($exportObject,[string] $name) {
    $attribute = $exportObject.ResourceManagementObject.ResourceManagementAttributes | 
        Where-Object {$_.AttributeName -eq $name}
    if ($attribute -ne $null -and $attribute.Value) {
        $attribute.Value
    }
}

# suppress the progress indicator (makes screen unreadable with many operations)
$ProgressPreference="SilentlyContinue"

# get all objects of specified type
Write-Verbose "Getting $fimtype objects..."
$objects = Export-FIMConfig -uri $uri -CustomConfig "/$fimtype" -OnlyBaseResources

# confirmation message
if (${attributeValue} -ne $null) {
    $confirmationMessage = "Set ${attributeName} to '${attributeValue}' for ${fimtype}"
} else {
    $confirmationMessage = "Unset ${attributeName} for ${fimtype}"
}

# iterate objects and set attributes
foreach ($object in $objects) {
    $objectID = GetAttributeValue $object "ObjectID"
    $displayName = GetAttributeValue $object "DisplayName"
    $objectType = GetAttributeValue $object "ObjectType"

    # ask for confirmation if specified
    if ($ask -and $(Read-Host "$confirmationMessage '$displayName'? (y/n)") -ne "y") {
        continue
    }
    
    Write-Host "Setting ${attributeName} for ${fimtype} '$displayName'"
    
    $importChange = New-Object Microsoft.ResourceManagement.Automation.ObjectModel.ImportChange
    $importChange.Operation = [Microsoft.ResourceManagement.Automation.ObjectModel.ImportOperation]::Replace
    $importChange.AttributeName = ${attributeName}
    if (${attributeValue} -ne $null) {
        $importChange.AttributeValue = ${attributeValue}
    }
    $importChange.FullyResolved = 1
    $importChange.Locale = "Invariant"

    $importObject = New-Object Microsoft.ResourceManagement.Automation.ObjectModel.ImportObject
    $importObject.ObjectType = $objectType
    $importObject.TargetObjectIdentifier = $objectID
    $importObject.SourceObjectIdentifier = $objectID
    $importObject.State = [Microsoft.ResourceManagement.Automation.ObjectModel.ImportState]::Put
    $importObject.Changes = (,$importChange)
    
    $importObject | Import-FIMConfig -uri $uri
}

 

note Note
To provide feedback about this script, create a post on the FIM TechNet Forum.
For more FIM related Windows PowerShell scripts, see the FIM ScriptBox.

 



See Also