You can download the Source Code from this link 
Download Source Code 

Introduction

Introduction

In this article you will learn how to perform DataGridView CRUD(Insert/Update/Select and Delete) with Image save to SQL Server using C#.
This article will explain:
  • In this sample demo we will learn in detail of how to perform CRUD operation for Student Profile Management using DatGridView WinForms.
  • How to Upload and Insert /Edit Image for Students to SQL Server Database.
  • How to display Images from SQL Server to DataGridView Image Column.
  • Edit and Delete Image column in DataGridView.
  • Create DataGridView Dynamically using my DataGridview Helper Class. (Refer to DataGridView helper Class Create a DatagGridView helper class using C# )
  • We will be using DAL Class and BizClass for performing CRUD Operation.
  • How to display Round Shape Image to the DataGridview Student Profile Image Column.

Prerequisites

  • Visual Studio 2015 - You can download it from here.

Building the Sample

Create Database and Table

We will create a StudentDetails table to be used for the Student Profile CRUD Operations. The following is the script to create a database and Table query. Run this script in your SQL Server. I have used SQL Server 2014. 

--Script to create DB,Table and sample Insert data  
USE MASTER;  
-- 1) Check for the Database Exists .If the database is exist then drop and create new DB  
IF EXISTS (SELECT [name] FROM sys.databases WHERE [name] = 'StudentsDB' )  
BEGIN  
ALTER DATABASE StudentsDB SET SINGLE_USER WITH ROLLBACK IMMEDIATE  
DROP DATABASE StudentsDB ;  
END  
    
    
CREATE DATABASE StudentsDB  
GO  
    
USE StudentsDB  
GO  
    
-- 1) //////////// ToysDetails table  
    
-- Create Table  ToysDetails ,This table will be used to store the details like Toys Information  
    
IF EXISTS ( SELECT [name] FROM sys.tables WHERE [name] = 'StudentDetails' )  
DROP TABLE StudentDetails  
GO  
    
CREATE TABLE StudentDetails  
(  
   std_ID int  identity(1,1),  
   StudentName VARCHAR(100)  NOT NULL,  
   Email VARCHAR(100)  NOT NULL,   
   Phone VARCHAR(100)  NOT NULL,  
   Address VARCHAR(100)  NOT NULL,  
   IMAGEs varbinary(MAX)  
   CONSTRAINT [PK_StudentDetails] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED       
(      
  [std_ID] ASC      
)WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS  = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY]      
) ON [PRIMARY]    
    
GO  
    
select * from StudentDetails

After creating our Table we will create a Stored Procedure for our CRUD Operations. 

-- 1) Stored procedure to Select Student Details  
-- Author      : Shanu                                                               
-- Create date : 2015-12-01                                                                
-- Description : Student Details                                   
-- Tables used :  Student Details                                                      
-- Modifier    : Shanu                                                                 
-- Modify date : 2015-12-01                                                                  
-- =============================================    
-- exec USP_Student_Select ''  
-- =============================================                                                            
CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[USP_Student_Select]                                              
   (                            
     @StudentName           VARCHAR(100)     = ''   
      )                                                        
AS                                                                
BEGIN        
         select   std_ID as StdNO,  
                   StudentName as StdName,  
                   Email as Email,  
                   Phone as Phone,  
                   Address as Address,  
                   IMAGEs as StdImage  
                    
         FROM StudentDetails   
          Where     
                 StudentName like @StudentName +'%'           
          ORDER BY  
              StudentName             
END  
  
CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[USP_StudentID_Select]                                              
   (                            
     @std_ID          int  
      )                                                        
AS                                                                
BEGIN        
         select   std_ID as StdNO,  
                   StudentName as StdName,  
                   Email as Email,  
                   Phone as Phone,  
                   Address as Address,  
                   IMAGEs as StdImage  
                    
         FROM StudentDetails   
          Where     
                 std_ID = @std_ID         
            
END  
    
    
-- To Insert Student Detail  
CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[USP_Student_Insert]                                                  
   (      
     @StudentName     VARCHAR(100),                         
     @Email           VARCHAR(100)     = '',    
     @Phone           VARCHAR(100)     = '',    
     @Address         VARCHAR(100)     = '',    
     @IMAGEs          varbinary(MAX)  
      )                                                            
AS                                                                    
BEGIN            
        IF NOT EXISTS (SELECT StudentName FROM StudentDetails WHERE StudentName=@StudentName)    
            BEGIN    
      
                 INSERT INTO StudentDetails  
           (StudentName   ,Email     ,Phone      ,Address  ,IMAGEs)  
     VALUES  
           (@StudentName    ,@Email       ,@Phone       ,@Address      ,@IMAGEs)  
                              
            Select 'Inserted' as results    
                              
            END    
         ELSE    
             BEGIN    
                     Select 'Exists' as results    
              END     
END    
    
-- To Update Student Detail  
CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[USP_Student_Update]                                                  
   (   @std_ID               Int=0,    
     @StudentName     VARCHAR(100),                         
     @Email           VARCHAR(100)     = '',    
     @Phone           VARCHAR(100)     = '',    
     @Address         VARCHAR(100)     = '',    
     @IMAGEs          varbinary(MAX)  
      )                                                            
AS                                                                    
BEGIN            
          
                 UPDATE  StudentDetails SET  
                           StudentName = @StudentName  ,  
                           Email        =@Email,  
                           Phone        =@Phone,  
                           Address      =@Address,  
                           IMAGEs       =@IMAGEs  
                    WHERE    
                        std_ID=@std_ID    
        
            Select 'Updated' as results    
                              
               
END    
    
    
-- to Delete  
CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[USP_Student_Delete]                                                  
   (  @std_ID               Int=0 )                                                            
AS                                                                    
BEGIN            
        
        DELETE FROM StudentDetails WHERE  std_ID=@std_ID    
      
         Select 'Deleted' as results    
                  
END

Description
 Create your MVC Web Application in Visual Studio 2015

After installing our Visual Studio 2015 click Start, then Programs and select Visual Studio 2015 - Click Visual Studio 2015.

Click New, then Project, select Windows and Select Windows Forms Application. Enter your Project Name as “DatagridViewCRUD” and Click ok.
After we have created our WinForms Project. Now we will create a Folder named as “Images” to add image and “Helper” for creating our DataGridView Helper Class, SQL BIZ and DAL Class from solution Explorer for. Add all the Images to the project Images folder. And also add the main images like Edit and Delete as Resource file.

1. Creating DatagridView Helper Class

For how to creating the Helper Class and its uses kindly Refer to DataGridView helper Class Create a DatagGridView helper class using C# 

Add a new Class named ShanuDGVHelper.cs to the Helper folder. Copy and paste the below code inside the helper class.

Check for your Namespace name if your namespace name not matched with the class file then change it your namespace name. For Example here our project name is DatagridViewCRUD so you can see in the namespace it will be as “DatagridViewCRUD” .If your project name is different than kindly change it.

The complete details of the helper class can be found from the above link.

Note here in this class file for image columns the resource file will be used.in case your resource file name is different than change it.
using System;  
using System.Collections.Generic;  
using System.ComponentModel;  
using System.Data;  
using System;  
using System.Collections.Generic;  
using System.ComponentModel;  
using System.Data;  
using System.Drawing;  
using System.Linq;  
using System.Text;  
using System.Windows.Forms;  
using System.Windows.Forms;  
using System.ComponentModel;  
using System.Collections.Generic;  
using System.IO;  
using System.Diagnostics;  
using System.Text.RegularExpressions;  
using System.Drawing.Imaging;  
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;  
using System.Drawing.Text;  
using System.Drawing.Drawing2D;  
/// <summary>  
/// Author : Shanu  
/// Create date : 2015-12-01  
/// Description :Student Register  
/// Latest  
/// Modifier :   
/// Modify date :   
namespace DatagridViewCRUD  
{  
    public partial class Form1: Form  
    {#  
        region Attribute  
        // ReceptionSystemSrc.Helper.Webcamera.WebCam webcam;  
        Boolean keypadOn = false;  
        DataGridView Master_shanuDGV = new DataGridView();  
        Button btn = new Button();  
        Boolean Iscaptuered = false;  
        Helper.BizClass bizObj = new Helper.BizClass();  
        Helper.ShanuDGVHelper objshanudgvHelper = new Helper.ShanuDGVHelper();  
        DataSet ds = new DataSet();  
        PrivateFontCollection pfc = new PrivateFontCollection();  
        int ival = 0;#  
        endregion  
        public Form1()  
        {  
            InitializeComponent();  
        }  
        private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)  
        {  
            try  
            {  
                MasterGrid_Initialize();  
            }  
            catch (Exception ex)  
            {}  
        }  
        public void MasterGrid_Initialize()  
        {  
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Layouts(Master_shanuDGV, Color.White, Color.White, Color.White, false, Color.SteelBlue, false, false, false, Color.White, 46, 60, "small");  
            //Set Height,width and add panel to your selected control  
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Generategrid(Master_shanuDGV, pnlGrid, 1000, 600, 10, 10);  
            // Color Image Column creation  
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.imageEditColumn, "Edit", "Edit", "Edit", true, 60, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);  
            // Color Image Column creation  
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.imageDelteColumn, "Delete", "Delete", "Delete", true, 60, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);  
            // Color Image Column creation  
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.imageBoundcolumn, "StdImage", "Image", "Image", true, 60, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);  
            //// BoundColumn creation  
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.BoundColumn, "StdNO", "StdNO", "StdNO", true, 80, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);  
            //// BoundColumn creation  
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.BoundColumn, "StdName", "StdName", "StdName", true, 180, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);  
            //// BoundColumn creation  
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.BoundColumn, "Email", "Email", "Email", true, 180, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);  
            //// BoundColumn creation  
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.BoundColumn, "Phone", "Phone", "Phone", true, 180, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);  
            //// BoundColumn creation  
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.BoundColumn, "Address", "Address", "Address", true, 180, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);  
            //// Color Image Column creation  
            //Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.ImageColumn, "StaffID", "", "", true, 40, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleRight, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);  
            //// Color Image Column creation  
            //Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.imageEditColumn, "Edit", "", "", true, 38, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleRight, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);  
            //// Color Image Column creation  
            //Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.imageDelteColumn, "Delete", "", "", true, 38, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleRight, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);  
            bindData();  
            //objshanudgvHelper.MasterDGVs_CellFormatting(Master_shanuDGV, Master_shanuDGV.Columns["IMG"].Index, ShanuEventTypes.cellContentClick, ShanuControlTypes.ImageColumn ds.Tables[0], "IMG");  
            Master_shanuDGV.CellFormatting += new DataGridViewCellFormattingEventHandler(MasterDGVs_CellFormatting);  
            Master_shanuDGV.SelectionChanged += new EventHandler(Master_shanuDGV_SelectionChanged);  
            Master_shanuDGV.CellContentClick += new System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewCellEventHandler(Master_shanuDGV_CellContentClick);  
            // Master_shanuDGV.DefaultCellStyle.ForeColor = Color.FromA#333333;  
        }  
        private void Master_shanuDGV_SelectionChanged(Object sender, EventArgs e)  
        {  
            Master_shanuDGV.ClearSelection();  
        }  
        private void bindData()  
            {  
                try  
                {  
                    // Bind data to DGV.  
                    SortedDictionary < string, string > sd = new SortedDictionary < string, string > ()  
                    {};  
                    sd.Add("@StudentName", txtName.Text.Trim());  
                    ds = bizObj.SelectList("USP_Student_Select", sd);  
                    Master_shanuDGV.DataSource = null;  
                    if (ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count > 0)  
                    {  
                        Master_shanuDGV.DataSource = ds.Tables[0];  
                    }  
                }  
                catch (Exception ex)  
                {}  
            }  
            // Cell Content Click Event  
        private void Master_shanuDGV_CellContentClick(object sender, DataGridViewCellEventArgs e)  
        {  
            if (Master_shanuDGV.Columns[e.ColumnIndex].Name == "Edit")  
            {  
                try  
                {  
                    string studentID = ds.Tables[0].Rows[e.RowIndex]["StdNO"].ToString();  
                    frmSudentAdd obj = new frmSudentAdd(studentID);  
                    obj.ShowDialog();  
                    bindData();  
                }  
                catch (Exception ex)  
                {}  
            }  
            else if (Master_shanuDGV.Columns[e.ColumnIndex].Name == "Delete")  
            {  
                try  
                {  
                    string studentID = ds.Tables[0].Rows[e.RowIndex]["StdNO"].ToString();  
                    if (MessageBox.Show("Are You Sure to Delete Student Details ?", "Delete Student", MessageBoxButtons.YesNo) == DialogResult.Yes)  
                    {  
                        SortedDictionary < string, string > sd = new SortedDictionary < string, string > ()  
                        {};  
                        sd.Add("@std_ID", studentID);  
                        DataSet ds1 = new DataSet();  
                        ds1 = bizObj.SelectList("USP_Student_Delete", sd);  
                        if (ds1.Tables[0].Rows.Count > 0)  
                        {  
                            string result = ds1.Tables[0].Rows[0][0].ToString();  
                            if (result == "Deleted")  
                            {  
                                MessageBox.Show("Student Deleted Successful, Thank You!", "Successfull", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Information);  
                                bindData();  
                            }  
                        }  
                    }  
                }  
                catch (Exception ex)  
                {}  
            }  
        }#  
        region Image Colukmn  
        public static Image MakeCircleImage(Image img)  
        {  
            Bitmap bmp = new Bitmap(img.Width, img.Height);  
            using(GraphicsPath gpImg = new GraphicsPath())  
            {  
                gpImg.AddEllipse(0, 0, img.Width, img.Height);  
                using(Graphics grp = Graphics.FromImage(bmp))  
                {  
                    grp.Clear(Color.White);  
                    grp.SetClip(gpImg);  
                    grp.DrawImage(img, Point.Empty);  
                }  
            }  
            return bmp;  
        }  
        void MasterDGVs_CellFormatting(object sender, DataGridViewCellFormattingEventArgs e)  
        {  
            try  
            {  
                if (Master_shanuDGV.Columns[e.ColumnIndex].Name == "StdImage")  
                {  
                    if (ds.Tables[0].Rows[e.RowIndex]["StdImage"] != "" && ds.Tables[0].Rows[e.RowIndex]["StdImage"] != DBNull.Value)  
                    {  
                        byte[] bits = new byte[0];  
                        bits = (byte[]) ds.Tables[0].Rows[e.RowIndex]["StdImage"];  
                        MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream(bits);  
                        System.Drawing.Image imgSave = System.Drawing.Image.FromStream(ms);  
                        e.Value = MakeCircleImage(imgSave);  
                    }  
                    else  
                    {  
                        System.Drawing.Image imgSave = (Image) DatagridViewCRUD.Properties.Resources.gridUserImage;  
                        e.Value = MakeCircleImage(imgSave);  
                    }  
                }  
            }  
            catch (Exception ex)  
            {}  
        }  
        public Image byteArrayToImage(byte[] byteArrayIn)  
        {  
            using(MemoryStream mStream = new MemoryStream(byteArrayIn))  
            {  
                return Image.FromStream(mStream);  
            }  
        }#  
        endregion  
        private void btnSearch_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)  
        {  
            bindData();  
        }  
        private void btnStaffAdd_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)  
        {  
            frmSudentAdd obj = new frmSudentAdd("0");  
            obj.ShowDialog();  
            bindData();  
        }  
    }  
}

2. Creating DAL and Biz Class

  • Business logic: Here the Business logic is a class. From the UI (our code behind) we pass all our input from the user to the Business Logic class as objects.
  • Data Access Layer: From the Business logic Class we pass all the object parameters to this Data Access Layer Class. This class will use the ADO.Net objects like Command (Select), Command Type (Query type is text or Stored Procedure), ExceuteNonQuery (perform Insert/Update and Delete), ExecuteDataset (return select statement) and ExecuteScalar (to return single data).

For creating DAL Class right click our Helper folder and add new Class file and give the name as SQLDALClass.cs.

Copy the below code and paste in the DAL Class.AS we have already seen if the Namespace is different then enter your namespace.

Note: In this class file I will be creating a text file for storing the SQL Connection string. Kindly change the connections string with your SQL Connections. 

using System;  
using System.Collections.Generic;  
using System.Linq;  
using System.Text;  
using System.Data;  
using System.Data.SqlClient;  
using System.IO;  
using System.Windows.Forms;  
/// <summary>  
/// Author : Shanu  
/// Create date : 2015-05-09  
/// Description :MYSQL DBCONNECT Helper CLASS  
/// Latest  
/// Modifier :   
/// Modify date :   
/// </summary>  
namespace DatagridViewCRUD.Helper  
{  
    class SQLDALClass  
    {  
        public String ConnectionString = "server=.; database=StudentsDB; user id=URID; password=PWD;";  
        public SqlConnection connection;#  
        region Initiallize  
        public SQLDALClass()  
            {  
                Initialize();  
            }  
            //Initialize values  
        private void Initialize()  
        {  
            ConnectionString = ReadConnectionString();  
            connection = new SqlConnection(ConnectionString);  
        }  
        public String ReadConnectionString()  
        {  
            string path = Application.StartupPath + @ "\DBConnection.txt";  
            String connectionString = "";  
            if (!File.Exists(path))  
            {  
                using(StreamWriter tw = File.CreateText(path))  
                {  
                    tw.WriteLine("server=.; database=StudentsDB; user id=URID; password=PWD;");  
                    tw.Close();  
                    ConnectionString = "server=.; database=StudentsDB; user id=URID; password=PWD;";  
                }  
            }  
            else  
            {  
                TextReader tr = new StreamReader(path);  
                connectionString = tr.ReadLine();  
                tr.Close();  
            }  
            return connectionString;  
        }#  
        endregion# region DB ConnectionOpen  
        public bool OpenConnection()  
        {  
            try  
            {  
                connection.Open();  
                return true;  
            }  
            catch (SqlException ex)  
            {  
                writeLogMessage(ex.Message.ToString());  
            }  
            return false;  
        }#  
        endregion# region DB Connection Close  
        //Close connection  
        public bool CloseConnection()  
        {  
            try  
            {  
                connection.Close();  
                return true;  
            }  
            catch (SqlException ex)  
            {  
                writeLogMessage(ex.Message.ToString());  
                return false;  
            }  
        }#  
        endregion# region ExecuteNonQuery  
        for insert / Update and Delete  
            // For Student  
            // Insert  
        public DataSet SP_Student_ImageInsert(String SP_NAME, string StudentName, string Email, string Phone, string Address, byte[] IMAGEs)  
            {  
                DataSet ds = new DataSet();  
                //open connection  
                if (OpenConnection() == true)  
                {  
                    //create command and assign the query and connection from the constructor  
                    SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(SP_NAME, connection);  
                    cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;  
                    cmd.Parameters.Add("@StudentName", SqlDbType.VarChar);  
                    cmd.Parameters.Add("@Email", SqlDbType.VarChar);  
                    cmd.Parameters.Add("@Phone", SqlDbType.VarChar);  
                    cmd.Parameters.Add("@Address", SqlDbType.VarChar);  
                    cmd.Parameters.Add("@IMAGEs", SqlDbType.VarBinary);  
                    cmd.Parameters["@StudentName"].Value = StudentName;  
                    cmd.Parameters["@Email"].Value = Email;  
                    cmd.Parameters["@Phone"].Value = Phone;  
                    cmd.Parameters["@Address"].Value = Address;  
                    if (IMAGEs == null)  
                    {  
                        cmd.Parameters["@IMAGEs"].Value = DBNull.Value;  
                    }  
                    else  
                    {  
                        cmd.Parameters["@IMAGEs"].Value = IMAGEs;  
                    }  
                    //Execute command  
                    SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter(cmd);  
                    da.Fill(ds);  
                    //close connection  
                    CloseConnection();  
                }  
                return ds;  
            }  
            // Update  
        public DataSet SP_Student_ImageEdit(String SP_NAME, int std_ID, string StudentName, string Email, string Phone, string Address, byte[] IMAGEs)  
        {  
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();  
            //open connection  
            if (OpenConnection() == true)  
            {  
                //create command and assign the query and connection from the constructor  
                SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand(SP_NAME, connection);  
                cmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;  
                cmd.Parameters.Add("@std_ID", SqlDbType.Int);  
                cmd.Parameters.Add("@StudentName", SqlDbType.VarChar);  
                cmd.Parameters.Add("@Email", SqlDbType.VarChar);  
                cmd.Parameters.Add("@Phone", SqlDbType.VarChar);  
                cmd.Parameters.Add("@Address", SqlDbType.VarChar);  
                cmd.Parameters.Add("@IMAGEs", SqlDbType.VarBinary);  
                cmd.Parameters["@std_ID"].Value = std_ID;  
                cmd.Parameters["@StudentName"].Value = StudentName;  
                cmd.Parameters["@Email"].Value = Email;  
                cmd.Parameters["@Phone"].Value = Phone;  
                cmd.Parameters["@Address"].Value = Address;  
                if (IMAGEs == null)  
                {  
                    cmd.Parameters["@IMAGEs"].Value = DBNull.Value;  
                }  
                else  
                {  
                    cmd.Parameters["@IMAGEs"].Value = IMAGEs;  
                }  
                //Execute command  
                SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter(cmd);  
                da.Fill(ds);  
                //close connection  
                CloseConnection();  
            }  
            return ds;  
        }#  
        endregion# region Write Log Message to textFile  
        public void writeLogMessage(String logMessage)  
        {  
            string path = Application.StartupPath + @ "\LogFile.txt";  
            if (!File.Exists(path))  
            {  
                using(StreamWriter tw = File.CreateText(path))  
                {  
                    tw.WriteLine(logMessage);  
                    tw.Close();  
                }  
            }  
            else  
            {  
                StreamWriter tr = new StreamWriter(path);  
                tr.WriteLine(logMessage);  
                tr.Close();  
            }  
        }#  
        endregion# region DataTable  
        for select result and  
        return as DataTable  
            //for select result and return as DataTable  
        public DataSet SP_Dataset_return(String ProcName, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters)  
        {  
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();  
            //open connection  
            if (OpenConnection() == true)  
            {  
                //for Select Query   
                SqlCommand cmdSel = new SqlCommand(ProcName, connection);  
                cmdSel.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure;  
                // Assign the provided values to these parameters based on parameter order  
                AssignParameterValues(commandParameters, commandParameters);  
                AttachParameters(cmdSel, commandParameters);  
                SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter(cmdSel);  
                da.Fill(ds);  
                //close connection  
                CloseConnection();  
            }  
            return ds;  
        }  
        private static void AttachParameters(SqlCommand command, SqlParameter[] commandParameters)  
        {  
            if (command == null) throw new ArgumentNullException("command");  
            if (commandParameters != null)  
            {  
                foreach(SqlParameter p in commandParameters)  
                {  
                    if (p != null)  
                    {  
                        // Check for derived output value with no value assigned  
                        if ((p.Direction == ParameterDirection.InputOutput || p.Direction == ParameterDirection.Input) && (p.Value == null))  
                        {  
                            p.Value = DBNull.Value;  
                        }  
                        command.Parameters.Add(p);  
                    }  
                }  
            }  
        }  
        private static void AssignParameterValues(SqlParameter[] commandParameters, object[] parameterValues)  
        {  
            if ((commandParameters == null) || (parameterValues == null))  
            {  
                // Do nothing if we get no data  
                return;  
            }  
            // We must have the same number of values as we pave parameters to put them in  
            if (commandParameters.Length != parameterValues.Length)  
            {  
                throw new ArgumentException("Parameter count does not match Parameter Value count.");  
            }  
            // Iterate through the SqlParameters, assigning the values from the corresponding position in the   
            // value array  
            for (int i = 0, j = commandParameters.Length; i < j; i++)  
            {  
                // If the current array value derives from IDbDataParameter, then assign its Value property  
                if (parameterValues[i] is IDbDataParameter)  
                {  
                    IDbDataParameter paramInstance = (IDbDataParameter) parameterValues[i];  
                    if (paramInstance.Value == null)  
                    {  
                        commandParameters[i].Value = DBNull.Value;  
                    }  
                    else  
                    {  
                        commandParameters[i].Value = paramInstance.Value;  
                    }  
                }  
                else if (parameterValues[i] == null)  
                {  
                    commandParameters[i].Value = DBNull.Value;  
                }  
                else  
                {  
                    commandParameters[i].Value = parameterValues[i];  
                }  
            }  
        }#  
        endregion  
    }  
}

3. Creating Biz Class 

Same like this we create Biz class where we create a method to pass Parameter Objects by creating methods. Here is the complete code for our BIZ Class.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
  
using System.IO;
using System.Windows.Forms;
/// <summary>
/// Author      : Shanu
/// Create date : 2015-12-01
/// Description : Biz Class
/// Latest
/// Modifier    : 
/// Modify date : 
/// </summary>
  
namespace DatagridViewCRUD.Helper
{
      
    class BizClass
    {
        DatagridViewCRUD.Helper.SQLDALClass objDAL = new DatagridViewCRUD.Helper.SQLDALClass();
  
        //All Business Method here
        #region ALL Business method here
        public DataSet SelectList(String SP_NAME, SortedDictionary<string, string> sd)
        {
            try
            {
                return objDAL.SP_Dataset_return(SP_NAME, GetSdParameter(sd));
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                throw ex;
            }
        }
  
        // Insert
        public DataSet SP_student_ImageInsert(String SP_NAME, string StudentName,
                                                               string Email,
                                                               string Phone,
                                                               string Address,                                                            
                                                               byte[] IMAGEs)
        {
            try
            {
                return objDAL.SP_Student_ImageInsert(SP_NAME, StudentName,
                                                                 Email,
                                                                 Phone,
                                                                 Address,
                                                                 IMAGEs);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                throw ex;
            }
        }
  
        // EDIT
        public DataSet SP_student_ImageEdit(String SP_NAME, int std_ID,string StudentName,
                                                               string Email,
                                                               string Phone,
                                                               string Address,
                                                               byte[] IMAGEs)
        {
            try
            {
                return objDAL.SP_Student_ImageEdit(SP_NAME, std_ID,
                                                                StudentName,
                                                                 Email,
                                                                 Phone,
                                                                 Address,
                                                                 IMAGEs);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                throw ex;
            }
        }
        #endregion
  
  
        #region Methods Parameter
  
        /// <summary>
        /// This method Sorted-Dictionary key values to an array of SqlParameters
        /// </summary>
        public static SqlParameter[] GetSdParameter(SortedDictionary<string, string> sortedDictionary)
        {
            SqlParameter[] paramArray = new SqlParameter[] { };
  
            foreach (string key in sortedDictionary.Keys)
            {
                AddParameter(ref paramArray, new SqlParameter(key, sortedDictionary[key]));
            }
  
            return paramArray;
        }
  
  
        public static void AddParameter(ref SqlParameter[] paramArray, string parameterName, object parameterValue)
        {
            SqlParameter parameter = new SqlParameter(parameterName, parameterValue);
  
            AddParameter(ref paramArray, parameter);
        }
  
  
        public static void AddParameter(ref SqlParameter[] paramArray, string parameterName, object parameterValue, object parameterNull)
        {
            SqlParameter parameter = new SqlParameter();
            parameter.ParameterName = parameterName;
  
            if (parameterValue.ToString() == parameterNull.ToString())
                parameter.Value = DBNull.Value;
            else
                parameter.Value = parameterValue;
  
            AddParameter(ref paramArray, parameter);
        }
  
        public static void AddParameter(ref SqlParameter[] paramArray, string parameterName, SqlDbType dbType, object parameterValue)
        {
            SqlParameter parameter = new SqlParameter(parameterName, dbType);
            parameter.Value = parameterValue;
  
            AddParameter(ref paramArray, parameter);
        }
  
        public static void AddParameter(ref SqlParameter[] paramArray, string parameterName, SqlDbType dbType, ParameterDirection direction, object parameterValue)
        {
            SqlParameter parameter = new SqlParameter(parameterName, dbType);
            parameter.Value = parameterValue;
            parameter.Direction = direction;
  
            AddParameter(ref paramArray, parameter);
        }
          
  
        public static void AddParameter(ref SqlParameter[] paramArray, params SqlParameter[] newParameters)
        {
            SqlParameter[] newArray = Array.CreateInstance(typeof(SqlParameter), paramArray.Length + newParameters.Length) as SqlParameter[];
            paramArray.CopyTo(newArray, 0);
            newParameters.CopyTo(newArray, paramArray.Length);
  
            paramArray = newArray;
        }
        #endregion
    }
}

3)  Design Your Form

Design your form with search fields and add a panel named as pnlGrid.

We will be adding the dynamic DataGridView to this panel.

In form load we will design the DataGridView using our Helper class and add the DataGridView to the Panel. 

private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            try
            {         
                  MasterGrid_Initialize();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
            }
        }
  
        public void MasterGrid_Initialize()
        
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Layouts(Master_shanuDGV, Color.White, Color.White, Color.White, false, Color.SteelBlue, false, false, false, Color.White, 46, 60, "small");
  
            //Set Height,width and add panel to your selected control
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Generategrid(Master_shanuDGV, pnlGrid, 1000, 600, 10, 10);
  
            // Color Image Column creation
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.imageEditColumn, "Edit", "Edit", "Edit", true, 60, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);
  
            // Color Image Column creation
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.imageDelteColumn, "Delete", "Delete", "Delete", true, 60, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);
  
            // Color Image Column creation
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.imageBoundcolumn, "StdImage", "Image", "Image", true, 60, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);
   
            //// BoundColumn creation
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.BoundColumn, "StdNO", "StdNO", "StdNO", true, 80, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);
  
            //// BoundColumn creation
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.BoundColumn, "StdName", "StdName", "StdName", true, 180, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);
   
            //// BoundColumn creation
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.BoundColumn, "Email", "Email", "Email", true, 180, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);
  
  
            //// BoundColumn creation
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.BoundColumn, "Phone", "Phone", "Phone", true, 180, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);
   
            //// BoundColumn creation
            Helper.ShanuDGVHelper.Templatecolumn(Master_shanuDGV, ShanuControlTypes.BoundColumn, "Address", "Address", "Address", true, 180, DataGridViewTriState.True, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, DataGridViewContentAlignment.MiddleCenter, Color.Transparent, null, "", "", Color.Black);
                       
            bindData(); 
    Master_shanuDGV.CellFormatting += new DataGridViewCellFormattingEventHandler(MasterDGVs_CellFormatting);
            Master_shanuDGV.SelectionChanged += new EventHandler(Master_shanuDGV_SelectionChanged);
  
            Master_shanuDGV.CellContentClick += new System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewCellEventHandler(Master_shanuDGV_CellContentClick); 
        }

For the Circle Image display we will be using DatagridView CellFormatting Event and for Edit/ Delete we will be using CellContentClick event. 

Circle Image to Display in Grid: 

In the DatagridView CellFormatting event we check for the Student Image Column. We pass each Student Image to MakeCircleImage Method to display the student’s image in circle shape inside DataGridView.


public static Image MakeCircleImage(Image img)
        {
            Bitmap bmp = new Bitmap(img.Width, img.Height);
            using (GraphicsPath gpImg = new GraphicsPath())
            {
  
                gpImg.AddEllipse(0, 0, img.Width, img.Height);
                using (Graphics grp = Graphics.FromImage(bmp))
                {
                    grp.Clear(Color.White);
                    grp.SetClip(gpImg);
                    grp.DrawImage(img, Point.Empty);
                }
            }
            return bmp;
        }
        void MasterDGVs_CellFormatting(object sender, DataGridViewCellFormattingEventArgs e)
        {
            try
            {
                if (Master_shanuDGV.Columns[e.ColumnIndex].Name == "StdImage")
                {
                    if (ds.Tables[0].Rows[e.RowIndex]["StdImage"] != "" && ds.Tables[0].Rows[e.RowIndex]["StdImage"] != DBNull.Value)
                    {
                        byte[] bits = new byte[0];
                        bits = (byte[])ds.Tables[0].Rows[e.RowIndex]["StdImage"];
                        MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream(bits);
                        System.Drawing.Image imgSave = System.Drawing.Image.FromStream(ms);
                        e.Value = MakeCircleImage(imgSave);
                          
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        System.Drawing.Image imgSave = (Image)DatagridViewCRUD.Properties.Resources.gridUserImage;
                        e.Value = MakeCircleImage(imgSave); 
                    }
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
            }
        }

5)   Search Student Details 
In the search button click I will call the bindData() Method to bind the result. We will pass the Student Name as parameter with SP name to our Business Logic Class and from Biz Class we get the result as Dataset and bind the result to DataGridView.

private void btnSearch_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            bindData();
        }
  
  
    private void bindData()
        {
            try
            {
                // Bind data to DGV.
                SortedDictionary<string, string> sd = new SortedDictionary<string, string>() { };
                sd.Add("@StudentName", txtName.Text.Trim());
                ds = bizObj.SelectList("USP_Student_Select", sd);
        Master_shanuDGV.DataSource = null;
            if (ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count > 0)
                {                    Master_shanuDGV.DataSource = ds.Tables[0];
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
            }
        }

6)  Insert/Edit Student Details:

We will create new form for Insert and Update .We use one form for both Add/Edit Student Details. We design our form with all the needed controls and we will add a PictureBox and Upload Button to save the Student Profile photos to SQL Server.

From our main form for Add we pass parameter 0 for Add and we pass Student ID as parameter for Edit. 

Here we can see from our Add Student button Click we will pass the parameter as “0” for Student Add form.

private void btnStaffAdd_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            frmSudentAdd obj = new frmSudentAdd("0");
            obj.ShowDialog();
            bindData();
        }

In frmSudentAdd Form Constructor we will get the Studnets ID passed from Main form and stored in local variable. 

public frmSudentAdd(string StudentID)
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            StudentIDS = StudentID;
        }

In Form Load we will check if the StudentIDS is not equal to 0 which means it is for Add new Student. IF the StudentIDS is greater than 0 then it is for edit.

private void frmSudentAdd_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
  
            try
            {
            isImageCaptuerd = false;            
                // setFont();
                if (StudentIDS != "0")
                {
                    displayVisitorDetails();
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
            }
        }

If the Student ID is passed for the Edit then The Student ID will be passed as parameter to get the details of the Student and display the details for edit.

private void displayVisitorDetails()
        {
            // lblUserType.Text = VisitorTypes;
            try
            {
                SortedDictionary<string, string> sd = new SortedDictionary<string, string>() { };
    //sd.Add("@searchType", VisitorTypes);
            sd.Add("@std_ID", StudentIDS);
  
                DataSet ds = new DataSet();
  
                ds = bizObj.SelectList("USP_StudentID_Select", sd);
  
                if (ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count > 0)
                {
                    txtStudentID.Text = ds.Tables[0].Rows[0]["StdNO"].ToString();
                    txtstdName.Text = ds.Tables[0].Rows[0]["StdName"].ToString();
                    txtEmail.Text = ds.Tables[0].Rows[0]["Email"].ToString();
                    txtphone.Text = ds.Tables[0].Rows[0]["Phone"].ToString();
                    txtAddress.Text = ds.Tables[0].Rows[0]["Address"].ToString();
  
                    if (ds.Tables[0].Rows[0]["StdImage"].ToString() != "")
                    {
                        byte[] bits = new byte[0];
                        bits = (byte[])ds.Tables[0].Rows[0]["StdImage"];
                        MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream(bits);                        this.picImage.Image = System.Drawing.Bitmap.FromStream(ms);
                        ms = null;
                    }
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
            }
        }

Upload Image: In upload Image Button click select the image file using OpenFileDialog and add the selected image to the PictuerBox. 

private void btnCaptuer_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            try
            {
                isImageCaptuerd = false;
                OpenFileDialog ofd = new OpenFileDialog();
                ofd.Filter = "JPEG Files (*.jpeg)|*.jpeg|PNG Files (*.png)|*.png|JPG Files (*.jpg)|*.jpg|GIF Files (*.gif)|*.gif";
                ofd.Title = "Please Upload Image";
  
  
                if (ofd.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
                {
                    isImageCaptuerd = true;
                    picImage.Image = Image.FromFile(ofd.FileName);
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
            }
        }


Save Button Click

In Save Button click first we check for New User or Edit the existing user. For New user call the 

private void btnSave_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
             if (StudentIDS != "0")
            {
                EditStaffDetails();
            }
            else
            {
                AddNewStaffDetails();
            }
        }

 Add New Student:

We will pass all the parameter to the BIZ class with Image as Byte Object. After Successful insert we will display the message to the user.

private void AddNewStaffDetails()
        {
            try
            {
                byte[] ImageData = null;
                string result = "";
                if (isImageCaptuerd == true)
                {
                    try
                    {
                        if (picImage.Image != null)
                        {
                            ImageData = imgToByteArray(picImage.Image);
                        }
                    }
                    catch (Exception ex)
                    {
                    }
                }
  
                SortedDictionary<string, string> sd = new SortedDictionary<string, string>() { };
  
                DataSet ds = new DataSet();
  
                ds = bizObj.SP_student_ImageInsert("USP_Student_Insert", txtstdName.Text.Trim(),
                                                                     txtEmail.Text.Trim(),
                                                                     txtphone.Text.Trim(),
                                                                     txtAddress.Text.Trim(),
                                                                     ImageData);
                if (ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count > 0)
                {
                    result = ds.Tables[0].Rows[0][0].ToString();
                    if (result == "Inserted")
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show("Student Added Successful, Thank You!", "Successfull", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Information);
                        this.Close();
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show(result, "Error", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Warning);
                    }
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
            }
        }

Edit Student Details:

For Edit in Main form DataGridView Cell Content Click we will get the selected student id and pass the Id to frmStudentAdd for editing the student details.

private void Master_shanuDGV_CellContentClick(object sender, DataGridViewCellEventArgs e)
        {
            if (Master_shanuDGV.Columns[e.ColumnIndex].Name == "Edit")
            {
                try
                {
                    string studentID = ds.Tables[0].Rows[e.RowIndex]["StdNO"].ToString();
                    frmSudentAdd obj = new frmSudentAdd(studentID);
                    obj.ShowDialog();
                    bindData();
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                }
            }

We can edit the Student details and also update any new Profile photos for the students. We will pass all the parameter to the BIZ class with Image as Byte Object. After Successful update we will display the message to the user.

private void EditStaffDetails()
        {
            try
            {
                byte[] ImageData = null;
                string result = "";
              
  
                if(picImage.Image!=null)
                {
                    try
                    {
                    ImageData = imgToByteArray(picImage.Image);
                    }
                    catch (Exception ex)
                    {
                    }
                }
  
                SortedDictionary<string, string> sd = new SortedDictionary<string, string>() { };
  
                DataSet ds = new DataSet();
                int StudentID = Convert.ToInt32(StudentIDS);
  
                ds = bizObj.SP_student_ImageEdit("USP_Student_Update", StudentID,txtstdName.Text.Trim(),
                                                                     txtEmail.Text.Trim(),
                                                                     txtphone.Text.Trim(),
                                                                     txtAddress.Text.Trim(),
                                                                     ImageData);
  
                if (ds.Tables[0].Rows.Count > 0)
                {
                    result = ds.Tables[0].Rows[0][0].ToString();
  
                    if (result == "Updated")
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show("Student Updated Successful, Thank You!", "Successfull", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Information);
                        this.Close();
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        MessageBox.Show(result, "Error", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Warning);
                    }
                }
  
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
            }
  
        }
  
        // Picbox to Byte Convert
        public byte[] imgToByteArray(Image img)
        {
            using (MemoryStream mStream = new MemoryStream())
            {
                img.Save(mStream, img.RawFormat);
                return mStream.ToArray();
            }
        }

 

 7) Delete Student Details:

In the DataGridView Cell Content click event we will check for the clicked Column is equal to delete. If the Clicked column is delete then we display the confirmation box for user for confirmation to delete. If user confirms for delete then we will delete the selected Student details. 

private void Master_shanuDGV_CellContentClick(object sender, DataGridViewCellEventArgs e)
        {
            if (Master_shanuDGV.Columns[e.ColumnIndex].Name == "Edit")
            {
                try
                {
                    string studentID = ds.Tables[0].Rows[e.RowIndex]["StdNO"].ToString();
                    frmSudentAdd obj = new frmSudentAdd(studentID);
                    obj.ShowDialog();
                    bindData();
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                }
  
            }
            else if (Master_shanuDGV.Columns[e.ColumnIndex].Name == "Delete")
            {
                try
                {
                    string studentID = ds.Tables[0].Rows[e.RowIndex]["StdNO"].ToString();
                    if (MessageBox.Show("Are You Sure to Delete Student Details ?", "Delete Student", MessageBoxButtons.YesNo) == DialogResult.Yes)
                    {
  
                        SortedDictionary<string, string> sd = new SortedDictionary<string, string>() { };
                          
                        sd.Add("@std_ID", studentID);
  
                        DataSet ds1 = new DataSet();
  
                        ds1 = bizObj.SelectList("USP_Student_Delete", sd);
  
                        if (ds1.Tables[0].Rows.Count > 0)
                        {
                            string result = ds1.Tables[0].Rows[0][0].ToString();
  
                            if (result == "Deleted")
                            {
                                MessageBox.Show("Student Deleted Successful, Thank You!", "Successfull", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Information);
                                bindData();
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                }
            }
        }



You can download the Source Code from this link Download Source Code