In this article, we will list a feature comparison between SharePoint 2013 vs. SharePoint 2016 including the Standard and Enterprise features. Please see the table below for comparison across SharePoint versions. This comparison is only for Developer features.

Developer features SharePoint Foundation 2013 SharePoint Server 2013 Standard CAL SharePoint Server 2013 Enterprise CAL SharePoint Server 2016 Standard CAL SharePoint Server 2016 Enterprise CAL
Access Services No No Yes No Yes
App Catalog (SharePoint) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
App Deployment: Cloud-Hosted Apps Yes1 Yes Yes Yes Yes
App Deployment: SharePoint-Hosted Apps Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
App Management Services Yes1 Yes Yes Yes Yes
BCS: Alerts for External Lists No Yes Yes Yes Yes
BCS: App Scoped External Content Types (ECTs) No Yes Yes Yes Yes
BCS: Business Data Webparts No Yes Yes Yes Yes
BCS: External List Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
BCS: OData connector No Yes Yes Yes Yes
BCS: Profile Pages No Yes Yes Yes Yes
BCS: Rich Client Integration No No Yes No Yes
BCS: Secure Store Service No Yes Yes Yes Yes
BCS: Tenant-level external data log No No Yes No Yes
Browser-based customizations Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Client Object Model (OM) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Client-side rendering (CSR) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Custom Site Definitions No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Custom Site Provisioning No No Yes No Yes
Developer Site No No No No No
Forms Based Applications No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Full-Trust Solutions Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
InfoPath Forms Services No No Yes No Yes
JavaScript Object Model Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
List and Library APIs Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Remote Event Receiver Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
REST API Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sandboxed Solutions Yes10 Yes10 Yes10 Yes10 Yes10
SharePoint Design Manager No Yes Yes Yes Yes
SharePoint Designer Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
SharePoint Store Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Workflow 2010 (.NET 3.5) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Workflow 2010 (out of the box) No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Workflow 2013 No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Workload API: ECM APIs No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Workload API: Search APIs Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Workload API: Social APIs No Yes Yes Yes Yes
1   Certain app authoring features require user profiles, which aren’t available in SharePoint Foundation 2013.
*10 = Because Kiosk users can’t be administrators, tenants with Kiosk users need at least one Enterprise user to access the admin center.

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This is based on SharePoint 2016 RTM release as per TechNet SharePoint feature availability across on-premises solutions.

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