In this article, let's list a feature comparison between SharePoint 2013 vs. SharePoint 2016 including the Standard and Enterprise Features. Please see below table for comparisons across SharePoint versions. This comparison is only for IT Professionals.

IT Professional features SharePoint Foundation 2013 SharePoint Server 2013 Standard CAL SharePoint Server 2013 Enterprise CAL SharePoint Server 2016 Standard CAL SharePoint Server 2016 Enterprise CAL
Active Directory Synchronization No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Alternate Access Mapping (AAM) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Analytics Platform No Yes2 Yes Yes Yes
Anti-malware protection No No No No No
Claims-Based Authentication Support Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Configuration Wizards No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Deferred Site Collection upgrade Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Distributed Cache Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Data loss prevention No No No No No
Encryption at rest No No No No No
Host Header Site Collections Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Improved Permissions Management Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Improved Self-Service Site Creation No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Managed Accounts Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Minimal Download Strategy (MDS) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
OAuth No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Patch Management Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Quota Templates Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Read-Only Database Support Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Remote BLOB Storage Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Request Management Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Request throttling Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Resource throttling Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Service Application Platform Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
SharePoint Health Analyzer Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
SharePoint admin center No No No No No
Shredded Storage Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Site Collection Compliance Policies No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Site Collection Health Checks Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
State Service Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Streamlined Central Administration Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
System Status Notifications Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Unattached Content Database Recovery Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Upgrade evaluation site collections Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Usage Reporting and Logging Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Windows PowerShell Support Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Reference:

This is based on SharePoint 2016 RTM release as per TechNet SharePoint feature availability across on-premises solutions.


See Also:

You can download the Excel file from the TechNet Gallery.