In this article, let's list feature comparisons between SharePoint 2013 vs. SharePoint 2016 including the Standard and Enterprise Features. Please see below table for comparison across SharePoint versions. Below table will compare the Sites Features Only.

Sites features SharePoint Foundation 2013 SharePoint Server 2013 Standard CAL SharePoint Server 2013 Enterprise CAL SharePoint Server 2016 Standard CAL SharePoint Server 2016 Enterprise CAL
Change the look Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Connections to Microsoft Office Clients Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Cross Browser Support Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Custom Managed Paths Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Governance Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Large List Scalability and Management Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Mobile Connectivity Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Multi-Lingual User Interface Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
My Tasks No Yes Yes Yes Yes
OOTB Web Parts Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Permissions Management Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Project functionality for team sites Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Project site template Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Project Summary web part No No Yes No Yes
Project workspace Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
SharePoint Lists Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
SharePoint Ribbon Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Site folders Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Task list Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Team Site: Drag & Drop Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Team Site: Notebook Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Team Site: Simplified Access Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Templates Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Themes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Variations No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Usage Analytics No No Yes No Yes
Work Management Service No Yes Yes Yes Yes

Reference:

This is based on SharePoint 2016 RTM release as per TechNet SharePoint feature availability across on-premises solutions

See Also:

You can download the Excel file from the TechNet Gallery.