In this article, let's list feature comparisons between SharePoint 2013 vs. SharePoint 2016 including the Standard and Enterprise Features. Please see below table for comparison across SharePoint versions. Below table will compare Add-On Features Only.

Add-Ons SharePoint Foundation 2013 SharePoint Server 2013 Standard CAL SharePoint Server 2013 Enterprise CAL SharePoint Server 2016 Standard CAL SharePoint Server 2016 Enterprise CAL
Additional Storage Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Azure Provisioned Apps: Access Services No No No No No
Azure Provisioned Apps: Custom Code in Azure LWR No No No No No
Duet Online No No No No No

Reference:

This is based on SharePoint 2016 RTM release as per TechNet SharePoint feature availability across on-premises solutions

See Also:

You can download the Excel file from the TechNet Gallery.