In this post, we will see how anyone can connect to an Azure storage account, create a container and see how can upload and download files, using C# code.

Prerequisites

  • Active Azure Account
  • Subscription
  • Resource Group
  • Storage Account with Container
  • Visual Studio (2013 or higher)

Active Azure Account

If we don't have an existing Azure account, we must create a new one by opening this page.
To sign up for a free account we need:
  • Microsoft account (Hotmail, Outlook)
  • Credit or Debit card
  • Phone number

Subscription

When we create the Azure free account, at the same time we get a free trial subscription.

  Note
Free trial subscription includes € 175.7 or $ 200 to spend for the first 30 days, free access to most popular Azure products for 12 months and access to more than 25 products that are always free. At the end of 30 days or once the first credits used up, the free trial subscription must be upgraded to pay-as-you-go subscription.

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Resource Group

Create resource group


At the main blade select Resource groups, and click Create resource group.



At the next step, field the necessary fields and click Create.



Create Storage Account

The Resource group is ready and now we need to create and put the Azure storage account on it.

Search for the service

The first we need to do is to search for the service "Storage account - blob, file, table, queue", and click on the result.




Create the Storage Account

Enter all the necessary fields and click Create.

Setting  Value 
Name  Type the storage account name, which MUST be unique 
Deployment model  For new deployments, select Resource manager, for existing deployments, select Classic
Account Kind For more details, visit the following link
Location Select the storage account location 
Replication For more details, visit the following link
Performance HDD drives are for Standard Performance and SSD drives are for Premium Performance 
Secure Transfer required For more details, visit the following link
Subscription Select Azure Subscription
Resource group  Select the Resource group for the storage account deployment
Virtual networks  If enabled the  Vnet (existing or a new one) can access the storage account 
Data Lake Storage Gen2
Accelerates big data analytics workloads and enhances shared data lake security with file-level permisions


Create a Blob Container

The next move is to create a Blob Container. To do this, from the main storage account blade find the BLOB SERVICE, select Blobs and then +Container, type the
container Name and finally click OK.

  

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The Visual Studio Part

For the next step as the title mentions, we need Microsoft Visual Studio.


Create a New Console App Project

Select from the menu  File - New - Project..., type a name for the project , as the next image shows, and click OK.



NuGet Package (Windows.Azure.Storage)

Import the necessary NuGet Package, which is {Windows.Azure.Storage}. From the menu Tools - NuGet Package Manger - Manage NuGet Packages for Solution...



Search and Install the NuGet Package

At the next step we must search for the name {Windows.Azure.Storage}, select it and click Install.


App Config File

At the next step we must add AppSettings node on the App.config file, like the code below show.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<configuration>
    <startup>
        <supportedRuntime version="v4.0" sku=".NETFramework,Version=v4.6.2" />
    </startup>
  <appSettings>
    <add key="StorageConnectionString" value="DefaultEndpointsProtocol=https;AccountName=grammatikos;AccountKey=xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx==;EndpointSuffix=core.windows.net"/>
  </appSettings>
</configuration>

Find the connection string on the Azure Portal, from the main blade SETTINGS - Access keys - key1 - Connection string


Add Namespaces To Project

After the NuGet Package installed successfully we must add the needed Namespaces to the Project.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
//Add The following Namespaces to the project
using Microsoft.Azure;
using Microsoft.WindowsAzure.Storage;
using Microsoft.WindowsAzure.Storage.Blob;


Upload File To A Container

The next lines shows how we can Create a Container if this is not exist and upload a file on it.

// Create Reference to Azure Storage Account
String strorageconn = System.Configuration.ConfigurationSettings.AppSettings.Get("StorageConnectionString");
CloudStorageAccount storageacc = CloudStorageAccount.Parse(strorageconn);
 
//Create Reference to Azure Blob
CloudBlobClient blobClient = storageacc.CreateCloudBlobClient();
 
//The next 2 lines create if not exists a container named "democontainer"
CloudBlobContainer container = blobClient.GetContainerReference("democontainer");
 
container.CreateIfNotExists();
 
//The next 7 lines upload the file test.txt with the name DemoBlob on the container "democontainer"
CloudBlockBlob blockBlob = container.GetBlockBlobReference("DemoBlob");
using (var filestream = System.IO.File.OpenRead(@"D:\Azure Storage Demo\test.txt"))
{
 
    blockBlob.UploadFromStream(filestream);
 
}

Download File From A Container

Finally, the next C# code lines shows how we can download a file from an Azure storage container.

//The next 6 lines download the file test.txt with the name test.txt from the container "democontainer"
CloudBlockBlob blockBlob = container.GetBlockBlobReference("DemoBlob");
using (var filestream = System.IO.File.OpenWrite(@"D:\Azure Storage Demo\Download\test.txt"))
{
    blockBlob.DownloadToStream(filestream);

  Note
Get the Source Code from GitHub.

Conclusion:

As we demonstrated above, Microsoft enforces us to use Azure Cloud Services in a combination with C# or other programming languages to take advantage of the azure Storage Services.

Related Links:

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