System Requirements

SQL Server 2017 has the following system requirements for Linux:

Resource Value
Memory  2 GB
File System XFS or EXT4 (other file systems, such as BTRFS, are unsupported)
Disk space 6 GB
Processor speed 2 GHz
Processor cores 2 cores
Processor type x64-compatible only

If we use Network File System (NFS) remote shares in production, note to the following support requirements:

  • Use NFS version 4.2 or higher. Older versions of NFS do not support required features, such as fallocate and sparse file creation, common to modern file systems.
  • Locate only the /var/opt/mssql directories on the NFS mount. Other files, such as the SQL Server system binaries, are not supported.
  • Ensure that NFS clients use the 'nolock' option when mounting the remote share.

Check OS

We should execute the following command to Check the OS (Operating System)

$ cat /etc/os-release
NAME="Ubuntu"
VERSION="16.04.5 LTS (Xenial Xerus)"
ID=ubuntu
ID_LIKE=debian
PRETTY_NAME="Ubuntu 16.04.5 LTS"
VERSION_ID="16.04"
VERSION_CODENAME=xenial
UBUNTU_CODENAME=xenial

 

Public Repository GPG Keys


With the following command we are able to get the GPG keys.
 
 
sudo apt-get update
ASC files can contain textual representations of binary information, they may be larger in size than the original pre-encoded file.

 

 Note
wget utility which retrieves files from World Wide Web (WWW) using widely used protocols like HTTP, HTTPS and FTP

Installing mssql using bash command

Apt-get is so easy because it not only keeps track of what packages are installed, but also what other packages are available. It will even download them from the Internet for you (if properly configured).

sudo apt-get install -y mssql-server
Get:2 http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-security InRelease [107 kB]
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Reading package lists... Done
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Building dependency tree
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The following additional packages will be installed:
 gcc-5-base gdb gdbserver libbabeltrace-ctf1 libbabeltrace1 libc++1 libc6-dbg
 libcc1-0 libjemalloc1 libpython-stdlib libpython2.7-minimal
 libpython2.7-stdlib libsasl2-modules libsasl2-modules-gssapi-mit
 libsss-nss-idmap0 libstdc++6 libunwind8 python python-minimal python2.7
 python2.7-minimal
Suggested packages:
 gdb-doc clang libsasl2-modules-otp libsasl2-modules-ldap
 libsasl2-modules-sql python-doc python-tk python2.7-doc binutils
 binfmt-support
The following NEW packages will be installed:
 gdb gdbserver libbabeltrace-ctf1 libbabeltrace1 libc++1 libc6-dbg libcc1-0
 libjemalloc1 libpython-stdlib libpython2.7-minimal libpython2.7-stdlib
 libsasl2-modules-gssapi-mit libsss-nss-idmap0 libunwind8 mssql-server python
 python-minimal python2.7 python2.7-minimal
The following packages will be upgraded:
 gcc-5-base libsasl2-modules libstdc++6
3 upgraded, 19 newly installed, 0 to remove and 88 not upgraded.
Need to get 188 MB of archives.
After this operation, 983 MB of additional disk space will be used.
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Get:13 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 libbabeltrace-ctf1 amd64 1.3.2-1 [88.3 kB]
Get:14 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 gdb amd64 7.11.1-0ubuntu1~16.5 [2,526 kB]
Get:15 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 gdbserver amd64 7.11.1-0ubuntu1~16.5 [172 kB]
Get:16 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 libcc1-0 amd64 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.11 [38.8 kB]
Get:17 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 libsasl2-modules-gssapi-mit amd642.1.26.dfsg1-14ubuntu0.1 [34.3 kB]
Get:18 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 libunwind8 amd64 1.1-4.1 [46.5 kB]
Get:19 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/universe amd64 libc++1amd64 3.7.0-1ubuntu0.1[225 kB]
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Get:21 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial/universe amd64 libjemalloc1 amd64 3.6.0-9ubuntu1 [78.9kB]
Get:22 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 libsss-nss-idmap0 amd64 1.131ubuntu1.12 [12.2 kB]
Fetched 188 MB in 19s (9,599 kB/s)
Preconfiguring packages ...
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Setting up libc++1:amd64 (3.7.0-1ubuntu0.1) ...
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Setting up mssql-server (14.0.3048.4-1) ...
 +--------------------------------------------------------------+
Please run 'sudo /opt/mssql/bin/mssql-conf setup'
to complete the setup of Microsoft SQL Server
+--------------------------------------------------------------+
 SQL Server needs to be restarted in order to apply this setting. Please run
'systemctl restart mssql-server.service'.
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.23-0ubuntu10) ...

 

 Note
Standard edition require 983 MB  

Check mssql service status

#systemctl restart mssql-server.service

Change mssql sa password and configuration


Choose an edition of SQL Server:
 1) Evaluation (free, no production use rights, 180-day limit)
 2) Developer (free, no production use rights)
 3) Express (free)
 4) Web (PAID)
 5) Standard (PAID)
 6) Enterprise (PAID)
 7) Enterprise Core (PAID)
 8) I bought a license through a retail sales channel and have a proenter.
 Details about editions can be found at
 
Use of PAID editions of this software requires separate licensing through a
Microsoft Volume Licensing program.
By choosing a PAID edition, you are verifying that you have the appropriate
number of licenses in place to install and run this software.
 
Enter your edition(1-8):5

The license terms for this product can be found in

/usr/share/doc/mssql-server or downloaded from:https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=855862&clcid=0x409

The privacy statement can be viewed at:https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=853010&clcid=0x409

Do you accept the license terms? [Yes/No]:yes

Enter the SQL Server system administrator password:******

Confirm the SQL Server system administrator password:******

Configuring SQL Server...

The licensing PID was successfully processed. The new edition is [Standard Edition].

ForceFlush is enabled for this instance.

ForceFlush feature is enabled for log durability.

Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/mssql-server.se  rvice to /lib/systemd/system/mssql-server.service.

Setup has completed successfully. SQL Server is now starting.

update repository

curl https://packages.microsoft.com/config/ubuntu/16.04/prod.list | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/msprod.list


 Note
CURL command can be used to download multiple files as the same time


Installation command with the unixODBC developer package.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install mssql-tools unixodbc-dev

 

Mssql-tools run the following commands

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install mssql-tools

 

Creating symlink

We can access mssql tools from any location like link.

sudo ls /opt/mssql-tools/bin/sqlcmd*
 
sudo ln -sfn /opt/mssql-tools/bin/sqlcmd /usr/bin/sqlcmd

Login mssql using sqlcmd command

sqlcmd -S 192.168.1.35 -U sa -P 'sqldba@1'
1> select @@version
2> go
Microsoft SQL Server 2017 (RTM-CU13) (KB4466404) - 14.0.3048.4 (X64)
 Nov 30 2018 12:57:58
 Copyright (C) 2017 Microsoft Corporation
 Standard Edition (64-bit) on Linux (Ubuntu 16.04.5 LTS)    

How to uninstall SQL Server

sudo apt-get remove mssql-server

 Removing the package does not delete the generated database files. If you want to delete the database files, use the following command:
sudo rm -rf /var/opt/mssql/
Note: Make sure that you have kept backup of user database which are useful.

 

Install SSIS

Make sure copy microsoft.asc then install configuration IS and set configuration path step by step.

1. Import the public repository GPG keys.

  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current load   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100   983  100   983    0     0   1003      0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:--  1003
OK

 

2. Register the Microsoft SQL Server Ubuntu repository.

  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent   
100    91  100    91    0     0     96      0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:--    96

 

3. Run the following commands to install SQL Server Integration Services.

$ sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y mssql-server-is
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Reading package lists... Done

4. Installing Integration Services

$ sudo /opt/ssis/bin/ssis-conf setup
Reading package lists... Done

5. Configuration is done, set the path.

$ export PATH=/opt/ssis/bin:$PATH

 

See Also